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Make Your Own Perfume

Online workshop about perfume, how to choose, wear, and make your own perfume, how to add your own personal scent to your beauty products, recipes, safety, how and where to get free samples, tips & tricks and more




History of Perfume

1. How to Choose Your Signature

How To Choose a Scent of Perfume Spray
How To Pick a Fragrance
How To Find Perfumes that Contain Human Pheromone
How To Find the Best Pheromone Reviews
How To Spot Fake Fragrances and Colognes

2. How to Make Your Own Perfume

How To Understand Perfume Scents
How To Learn the Essential Oils used in Fragrance
How To Make Fragrance Oils
How To Create a Signature Scent
How To Make Natural Pheromones
How To Make Perfume

Make Perfume
How To Make Homemade Perfume
How To Make Homemade Water Based Perfume
How To Make a Perfume without Alcohol
How To Make a Perfume Spray
How To Make Lemon Perfume
How To Make a Perfume with Real Vanilla Beans
How To Make Honeysuckle Perfume
How To Make a Chocolate Scented Perfume
How To Make Your Own Cologne
How To Make Cinnamon Scented Oils
How To Get Oil Out of Lavender Plants

How to Add Scents to Your Beauty Products
How To Add Scents to Your Beauty Products
How To Make Your Own Fragrance Oils: Body Oil
How To Make Scented Jasmine Bath Oil
How To Make Your Own Scented Liquid Bath Soap
How To Make Scented Body Lotion
How To Make a Natural Deodorant
How To Make a Lavender Hot Oil Treatment

3. Safety & Cleaning

ESSENTIAL OILS: Hazards, Warnings, and Guidelines !
List of Hazardous Essential Oils
How To Clean Up Spilled Aroma Oils

4. Tips & Tricks

How To Apply Perfume Properly
Applying Perfume: Perfumes and Fragrances for Women
How To Make Your Perfume Last Longer During The Day
Quick Tips
Applying Cologne: Application of Men's or Women's Cologne Spray
How To Use Pheromone Oil to Attract Men
Your Fragrance Wardrobe

5. How to Find Perfume Samples

How To Find Perfume Samples
How To Find Designer Perfume Samples
How To Get Free Perfume Samples Delivered
Free Perfume Samples
Perfume Websites ABC

6. Jargon Buster

Word list
A-Z Essential Oils
Useful Links


History of Perfume

Perfume or parfum is a mixture of fragrant essential oils or aroma compounds , fixatives and solvents used to give the human body, animals, objects, and living spaces "a pleasant scent ."
The odoriferous compounds that make up a perfume can be manufactured synthetically or extracted from plant or animal sources.

Perfumes have been known to exist in some of the earliest human civilizations, either through ancient texts or from archaeological digs. Modern perfumery began in the late 19th century with the commercial synthesis of aroma compounds such as vanillin or coumarin , which allowed for the composition of perfumes with smells previously unattainable solely from natural aromatics alone.

Hieroglyphics in ancient tombs have proven that fragrance played a part in the lives of Ancient Egyptians dating back as far as King Menes in around 3500 and 3000 B.C.

In ancient times burning incense and sweet herbs was the privilege of priests in the earliest civilisations. It was these ceremonial burnings that gave perfume its name. In Roman times worship to the Gods took place ‘per fumum', meaning ‘through smoke'. It was this Latin phrase which became the modern word perfume.

Priests gradually relinquished their exclusive use of ‘perfumes' and people were ordered to perfume themselves at least once a week to mask the stench of unwashed skin. This ritual was performed using scented oils which were also used to cleanse the skin and paved the way for the great Greek and Roman bath houses.

Egyptians believed that perfumes should accompany the spirit when the ascended to the heavens. This is why a trace of fragrance could be detected in Tutankhamen's tomb some 3300 years after his death.

Perfumes also featured heavily in the Bible most famously the three wise men carrying gifts of Frankincense and Myrrh to Jesus. If you recall the Christmas carol ‘We Three Kings' there is a line “Myrrh is mine, a bitter perfume.”

The Phoenicians were traders of antiquity. Aromatic gums were bought over from China and sold to rich Europeans. The possession of such perfumes was seen as evidence of wealth and social standing.

The Greeks are said to have been the first people to make liquid perfume, although it was very different to what we know today. Their perfumes consisted of heavy oils and mixed fragrant powders.

Perfumes were not only used to scent the body but also to coat papyrus manuscripts to protect them from insects in the time of Roman Emperor Augustus.

Romans used to apply perfume 3 times a day; pets and household objects would also be perfumed. At feasts birds would be released to dispense perfume from their wings.

When Cleopatra first travelled to meet Mark Antony, her arrival was announced by the pungent perfumes before her barge was in sight.

The process of extracting oils from flowers was first discovered by an Arabian doctor/chemist. His first experiments were with the rose and this “rose water” became instantly popular because of its light delicate smell. Before this discovery, perfumes were made by crushing herbs and oils.

During the reign of Catherine de Medici in France, perfumes flourished. It is reputed that she even had her own Perfumer whose laboratory was connected to her apartments by a system of underground tunnels to stop any formulas being stolen.

Perfume came to its peak in England during the reigns of Henry VIII and Queen Elizabeth I. Queen Elizabeth had all public places scented as she couldn't stand foul smells.

Florida water - a mix of oils from cloves, cassia and lemongrass was particularly popular in early America.

At the turn of the Century, perfume was just a single flower fragrance – rose, violet, lilac or lily. Around a decade later, bouquets of fragrance were introduced and later abstract fragrances with no ties to single floral scents or bouquets group. This advancement paved the way for the perfumes we know today.

1. How to Choose Your Signature
How To Choose a Scent of Perfume Spray
How To Pick a Fragrance
How To Find Perfumes that Contain Human Pheromone
How To Find the Best Pheromone Reviews
How To Spot Fake Fragrances and Colognes

How To Choose a Scent of Perfume Spray

Having a signature perfume spray can set you apart from your friends. People usually choose the scent of their perfume based on their personality or on the scents that they love. You can also have a signature scent by purchasing a perfume spray that will make you distinguishable.

Here are some of the tips that you can use in choosing a scent of perfume spray:
  • Favorite smells. To narrow down your choices, you must first know what your favorite spray fragrance is. Are you someone who enjoys fruity smells, floral smells, woody smells or powdery smells? You can then choose a few perfume sprays that have the smell that most attracts you. You can ask help from a salesperson in choosing some of the perfumes that have the smell that you want.

  • Try on the perfume. Some people just sniff the perfume bottle instead of trying it out. It is advisable to spray some perfume on yourself, as the smell will be different when it is applied on the skin. Do not rub the perfume and allow it to settle on your skin. Some perfume scents only develop their smell after they have been sprayed on for a few hours. When you purchase, you can try on the perfume first and make your decision after a few hours of wearing the perfume so that you can smell the full effect of the scent.
  • Do not try on plenty of perfumes. Another mistake that others do is trying on multiple perfumes one after the other. This is not a good idea, as the smells of the different scents will mix with each other. You can sniff perfumes on a trial strip to smell more fragrances. When doing this, you have to cleanse your palate after smelling one scent. Most perfume stores have jars of coffee beans for this purpose. After sniffing the coffee beans, you can try and smell another scent of perfume.

  • Consider the climate. In choosing the right scent of perfume, you must also take into consideration the climate of the place where you live in. In warm or hot temperatures, perfumes tend to give off a stronger sent as the perfume evaporates quicker. It is best to choose light scents for warmer climates.

  • Purchase for the smell. In choosing a perfume, do not forget that you are choosing the scent. Do not purchase a perfume just because it is the latest release for the brand that you love. You have to choose a scent that you enjoy wearing.

These are the tips that you can follow when choosing the right scent of perfume spray. You can also purchase a package with the perfume lotion so that you can wear it together with the spray. You do not always have to purchase from the high end perfume brands. You can also have a signature scent from cheap perfume. Once you have found your signature scent, it will be easier for you to shop for a perfume the next time. You can even purchase online perfumes.

List of Famous Perfumes
List of celebrity endorsed perfumes

How To Pick a Fragrance
Wearing the right fragrance can inspire love, help one appear more confident or even aid in securing a job or job interview. It is also the fastest and simplest way to let your personality speak without saying a word. Choosing the right fragrance, however, has the capacity to bring even the most seasoned connoisseur of all things feminine to her knees. The following guidelines will help.

1. The Personality Factor.

This is the most important factor to consider in choosing the right fragrance. Truly contemplate your personality traits and characteristics. Are you sweet and bubblyCausally confidentDangerously seductive? The graceful dancer? Keep these traits in mind when choosing a fragrance and you will begin to realize how powerful the link is between scent and personality.

2. Know the Notes.

No one is graceful all the time, and by that same note (no pun intended!), fragrances do not emit only one note or characteristic at a time. Learn the fragrance categories, and find that perfect fit.

  • Fresh: These scents contain ingredients such as lemon, lime, and grapefruit and are reminiscent of the vibrancy and joyfulness of life. Examples of fresh scents are CK One Summer by Calvin Klein, Be Delicious by Donna Karan and Sport by Jil Sander.
  • Florals: These scents tend to be very feminine, passionate scents. For the true romantic, they inspire visions of picnics a deux and long strolls in the park. Some examples are Light Blue by Dolce&Gabbana, the perennial favorite, Eternity by Calvin Klein and the relatively recent Glow by J. Lo
  • Oriental: Dior Addict by Christian Dior, Burberry Brit Eau de Parfum and In Control Curious by Britney Spears all showcase the best in this passionate category. These scents are imbued with sophistication and are ideal for the woman who loves being the center of every party.
  • Woody: The woody scents round out the last of our categories. Woody scents are as warm and inviting as a cup of hot chocolate, but remain balanced by the sensual and the mysterious. Fragrances that reflect this warm and seductive element are or Cashmere Mist by Donna Karan, Lolita Lempicka by Lolita Lempicka and Music for Her by Narciso Rodriguez.

3. Factors when Shopping.

Armed with your knowledge of the scent categories, approach the fragrance counter with confidence and keep these final tips in mind:

The Chemistry Factor: Everyone has their own personal body chemistry and that chemistry will interact with whatever fragrance you choose. After spritzing the fragrance on the inside of the wrist, let it wear for a while. Keep smelling your wrist to see if the fragrance still appeals to you.

The Age Factor: Some scents are geared towards a certain age group and with good reason. Light and bubbly scents are age-appropriate for teenagers and college students just starting out in life. A 30-something has the confidence of life experience behind her and her scent should reflect that experience. Do not get trapped in a nasty little affair with a fragrance that does not fully represent all the facets of your personality! Doing this misrepresents your personality and cheats those around you from truly understanding who you are.
How do you Feel? And finally, ask yourself how you feel wearing the fragrance. Does it make you feel good? Does a smile light your lips when you smell the scent? Are you happy? These are the questions to ask yourself regardless of the fragrance you choose. If the fragrance makes you happy, wear it with confidence; a scent like that always wears well.

Quick Tips

  • The difference between eau de parfum and eau de toilette is that the former is more intense and lasts longer and the latter is cheaper and tends to fade faster.
  • The nose is able to differentiate among three scents at a time, so try not to overload your olfactory senses by pliling on more fragrances.
  • A general rule of thumb for choosing age-appropriate scents? The older you are, the heavier the scent and by that same token, the whipper-snappers get the lighter scents.


    Fragrance Wheel (Interactive)
    Fragrances of the World
    The Fragrance Foundation Directory

  • How To Find Perfumes that Contain Human Pheromone
    Pheromones are chemicals that are secreted in our sweat (and other bodily fluids) that are believed to release neurotransmitters that directly modify the behavior of the opposite sex, such as triggering sexual excitement. Scientists have long hypothesized that these pheromones are natural sexual attractants that wield a powerful influence on their mating habits. In fact, many studies have shown that people who produce higher than average amounts of pheromones have greater success with members of the opposite sex .

    Pheromone perfumes usually contain: androstenol, androstenone, Estratetraenol and androstadienone pheromones. While there is no such thing as a "secret love potion," pheromone colognes and oils are used by a number of people who want to add heat to their relationship.

    Among the most well-known perfumes that contain human pheromones are: Pheromol Factor, Alter Ego, Scent of Eros, NPA, The Edge, Lure, Perception Spray, Pheromax, W.A.G.G, Rogue Male, Primal Instinct, Chikara, Realm for Men, Yes for Men, Silent Seduction, and some others.

    Human Sex Pheromone Spray is a perfume and cologne that contains real human sex pheromones. The online ad for this spray says that one who uses it will have unexpected popularity with the opposite sex. The pheromone must be genuine because the product carries a money back guarantee. If you want to learn more about pheromones, the following information may help:

    How to find human pheromones - Human pheromones can be bought in specialty human pheromone stores online. Pheromones do work! Choosing your store and manufacturers carefully, you can expect exciting results with your oils or perfumes and pheromone colognes.

    Effects of human pheromones - Pheromones are chemicals released by not only humans but any living organisms. Its main purpose is to attract the opposite sex. Pheromones can stimulate and trigger strong sexual responses in both male and female sexes. However, the pheromones that we produce biologically are spoiled by antiperspirants and antibacterial soaps. That is why some online stores sell artificial pheromone-based oils and perfumes.

    Facts about pheromones:

    • The human sex pheromone is found in very minute amounts in the perspiration of a human – both women and men. This authentic pheromone is a remnant from the ancient time when humans relied on scent to get noticed by mates.
    • The highest strength of uncorrupted human pheromone of any product in the market is Human Androstenone Pheromone. When used in a product, Androstenone Pheromone is not alcohol-based as in most perfumes or colognes, but oil-based. It has been recorded that pheromones can stimulate exciting sexual responses in both sexes. Unfortunately, because of the alcohol-based deodorants and antiperspirants, human bodies cannot produce adequate quantities of pheromones anymore. If it does, the effect is not noticeable on the opposite sex.
    • When Androstenone Pheromone is used, even in small quantity, users report amazing results. The power of this pheromone may be observed in dogs. If a dog is in heat, meaning he is producing pheromone, he will run crazy with sexual desire. His natural pheromone stimulates his desires for mating with a female dog from even miles away.
    Some companies have tried to exploit the clout of human pheromone but failed. A few tried with very little success. That explains why perfumes that contain human pheromones are expensive. Note that perfumes containing human pheromones are oil-based.

    Also read:
    How To Find the Best Pheromone Reviews
    How To Use Pheromone Oil to Attract Men
    How To Make Natural Pheromones

    How To Find the Best Pheromone Reviews

    When the newest thing hits the market, you shouldn't buy it right away. You need to ensure that the product really works and it will not put your purchase to waste. Like for instance, now that there are a lot of pheromone products in the market, surely, you won't immediately invest in one.

    Pheromones were originally associated with insects. These are substances secreted by one insect to attract another. While insects usually have it, there are also pheromones for cats called feliway. Nowadays, human and animal pheromones are being copied and marketed for humans, both men and women.

    The effectiveness of exciting the sexual desire of humans is still under debate. Despite this, there are still a lot of pheromone products that you can see in the market. The products range from perfumes, oils, and soaps and from brands like Pherlure, Aphrodite, Athena, and more. One of the best ways to check whether these products actually work or not, is by reading reviews. These reviews tell of the first hand experience of the people who have personally used the product. Most often they are honest in writing their reviews and feedback.

    The fastest access to these reviews is through online sources. The following are websites that are dedicated in giving customers' satisfaction rates for pheromone perfumes and other products:

    • Best Pheromone Reviews at . This is a website run by a woman who has a lot of personal experiences using pheromone perfumes and solutions. The website gives reviews from different kinds of people so readers will be guided towards their purchase. It also suggests pheromone products that are best for men and for women.
    • Pheromone Review Site at . The reviews on this website definitely name products that are real pheromones found helpful by a lot of readers. The website also cites seven of the top pheromones including Pherlure and Athena.
    • Best Pheromones Review at . This website is restricted in giving reviews only for those top pheromone products that work.
    • Human Pheromones Reviews at www.human-pheromone-reviews . This website only focuses on pheromones that have been proven to be effective.

    On the Internet, you can encounter more websites that cater to reviews for pheromones. However, be careful in trusting a website. Some of them may be scams, while some only give reviews for gaining profit. Some may even write positive reviews for a poor product to encourage you in buying from them.

    So the good way to find all the best reviews for aphrodisiac products is to look for independent websites. These websites are more likely to tell you the advantages and disadvantages of the product - just honest to goodness reviews. Aside from that, they will give you an analysis and comparison of existing products on the market. This way, you can have an impartial impression about certain products, which is your key to get the best and most effective pheromone brand.

    Also read:
    How To Find Perfumes that Contain Human Pheromone
    How To Use Pheromone Oil to Attract Men
    How To Make Natural Pheromones

    How To Spot Fake Fragrances and Colognes
    Fake fragrances and colognes flood the market every day and it is extremely difficult to tell them from the real thing. The packaging, labels, etc look almost real and unless you are a discerning buyer of perfume, it is easy to get hoodwinked by the fakes. While not 100% foolproof, there are a few ways in which you can spot the fakes and distinguish them from the real thing.
    Read on to find out how.
    Supply source. When buying perfume or colognes, especially online, check to find out that the supplier of the scents is a genuine and approved provider. Most genuine sellers will be willing to share this information with you and it is easy to verify such information.

    Wrapping and packaging. Every original perfume or cologne has its own distinctive wrapping and packaging, unique to each brand. Check out the cellophane wrapping or quality of the box and packaging material used. Fakes will usually show some amount of shoddy packaging, poor-quality wrapping material and the methods used to pack will be quite haphazard and shabby. If you examine the package carefully, clues that the fragrance may be fake will be easy to spot.

    Bottle, cover and spray. Again, the bottles, stopper caps and spray mechanisms used by genuine perfume brands are unique and distinct. Most of them are designed exclusively for the brand and it can be quite difficult to duplicate the more intricately designed ones. Check carefully to see the quality of material used to manufacture the bottle, the stoppers and the sprayer mechanism. IF the sprayer mechanism seems clumsy or hard to use, chances are that the perfume or cologne you've bought is a fake. This is because, with genuine brands, each component will be thoroughly tested and pass through stringent quality control standards. Makers of fake perfumes will not take the time or effort necessary to check such things.

    Labels and bar codes. The type of printing, spelling mistakes, label quality, etc, can give you hints as to the genuineness of the article. Also, bar codes contain unique information about the product and cannot be easily replicated.

    Characteristics of the scent. Take a good look at the fragrance or cologne itself. Telltale signs that the perfume could be fake, are cloudiness, floating debris, oil content or color of the perfume. The smell of fakes also will never exactly match the genuine one's scent and if you've used the real perfume before, you should be able to make out the differences in odor. Another important characteristic is the length of time the perfume will linger. Fake scents have a tendency to evaporate and disappear faster.

    Reactions to the scent. Often, fake perfumes and colognes can cause a variety of skin reactions when used, such as itchiness or rashes. This is on account of the cheap ingredients used, or on account of chemicals added to make the perfume more realistic.

    With these standard six tests, you can find out the genuineness of the perfume or cologne which you just bought. Remember though, to buy from reputable sellers and stores, where you can get the additional security and guarantee that the fragrances or cologne you want is the real thing.

    2. How to Make Your Own Perfume
    How To Understand Perfume Scents

    Contrary to popular belief, perfumes and other scents are not typically made out of one scent alone; they are a mixture of three perfume oils called the top, heart, and base notes. What we normally smell is the base note, because it has the strongest and heaviest scent, lingering in the air even after the top and heart notes have faded. Base notes are chosen because of their strength, scent, and fixative properties, and often dictate what fragrance family a perfume belongs to. Base notes are typically described to be one of the following:

    • Sensual
    • Warm
    • Spicy
    • Mossy
    • Woody
    • Smoky
    • Exotic
    • Heady, heavy or strong

      Basenotes : Guide to the world of perfume and fragrances

    Many of the fragrance oils used for base notes are now rare because they have been used by perfumers for centuries. Some are also viewed as politically incorrect because they are extracted from rare animals, which leads to the creation of synthetic versions. Most base notes, however, are extracted from essential oils of plants, flowers, and tree resin. Below is a list of the most popular scents for all perfume aficionados:

      Amber. Amber comes from the fir tree's fossil resin and is not very easy to extract. However, perfumers love using amber as a base note because many love its warm, woody scent.
      Ambergris. This is a fatty substance derived from the stomach of sperm whales. Since sperm whales are endangered, genuine ambergris perfume oils are no longer used, and a synthetic version was created to replace it.
    Patchouli. One of the most recognizable scents, patchouli is sweet, earthy, and warm. Its essential oil comes from the Southeast Asian patchouli plant.
      Tonka bean. Tonka bean is used by perfumers to give a perfume an oriental flavor. Despite coming from the pod of a tonka tree, tonka bean smells like marzipan and caramel. Its sweet candy shop smell makes it a popular scent for many fragrances made by celebrities or perfumes marketed for younger girls.
      Coumarin. This marzipan-smelling fragrance oil is also found in tonka beans

      Musk. Another favorite scent for most women, musk used to come from the Himalayan musk deer's musk glands. The musk perfume oil used today now comes from a synthetic variety, which makes it easier to include in perfumes because the strength of its scent can now be controlled.
      Balsam. This sweet-smelling resin from plants and trees is a very popular perfume oil.
      Sandalwood. Sandalwood is just as popular as musk and amber, and its pure essential oil form is more accessible as it comes from the sandalwood tree.
      Leather. We all associate leather with animal hide, but leather used in perfume actually comes from fir and birch trees. Leather can be easily identified through its warm, smoky scent.
      Vetiver. The green and earthy scent of vetiver is also used in aromatherapy essential oils for its relaxing and calming properties. It comes from the khuskhus grass of the Caribbean and India.
      Benzoin. Scents with a hint of chocolate most likely contain benzoin, the resin found in the stryax tree.

    What are “fragrance families”?

    These are “aroma groupings” of related scents. There is more than one classification system in use, but many list 7 major families: Greens, Florals, Aldehydics, Chypre, Oriental, Fougère & Tobacco/Leather.

    In the eighties, a European named Michael Edwards invented a completely new way of describing fragrances. Drawing on his experience as Halston's international fragrance director, he published a guide that took the hassle out of selecting a new fragrance. What started as a simple yet innovative reference for staff in perfumeries and department stores has evolved into the world's most comprehensive fragrance manual. Fragrances of the World 2001 classifies more than 2,600 female and male fragrances.

    Michael Edwards divides the fragrances up into 11 parts of a circle, with a final category (fougère) in the centre of the circle. These are placed in the centre as they have a universal appeal.

    The families around the wheel are: Floral, Soft Floral, Floral Oriental, Oriental, Soft Oriental, Woody Oriental, Mossy Woods, Dry Woods, Citrus, Green and Water, with Fougere in the centre. Although male fragrances feature in all of the categories, they mainly appear in Fougere, Woody Oriental, Mossy Woods, Dry Woods and Citrus sections

    Each of Michael Edwards' families are then divided into four sections, ranging from Fresh to Rich, depending on how light or deep the fragrance is.

    Discover the Fragrance Families

    The Fragrance Wheel holds the key to your fragrance likes and dislikes. It lets you see at a glance the relationship between the 14 different families.

    Fragrance Wheel (Interactive)
    Fragrances of the World
    The Fragrance Foundation Directory

    What are Eau De Toilette, Eau De Parfum, etc?

    These terms refer to the strength of the fragrance, or more specifically, to how much high grade alcohol and/or water has been added to the fragrance oils. Parfum (generally the most concentrated form you can buy) has 15-25% perfume oil dissolved in alcohol. Any mixture with a lower proportion of oil to alcohol is an eau (water).

    Eau Fraiche (Usually 3% or less perfume oil)
    Eau de Cologne (2 – 5% perfume oil)
    Eau de Toilette (4 – 10% perfume oil)
    Eau de Parfum (8 – 15% perfume oil)
    Soie de Parfum (15 – 18% perfume oil)
    PARFUM or Perfume (15 – 25% — also sometimes referred to as extract or extrait)
    Perfume oil (15-30% perfume oil in an oil rather than alcohol base)

    You may also see the term Parfum de Toilette. Most companies use this term to describe a concentration that is either the same as Eau De Parfum, or between Eau De Parfum and Parfum. Other companies use the term to describe an Eau De Toilette concentration.

    To further confuse matters, some companies use different notes, or different proportions of notes, in the different forms of fragrance they offer. In addition, some companies reserve costly fragrance oils for their parfum, and use synthetic substitutes in lighter concentrations.

    Also Watch:

    How To Learn the Essential Oils used in Fragrance

    Essential oils are the nutrients and vitamins extracted from the berries, roots, seeds, and barks of plants that are processed and refined to be made into essential oils. These are called essential oils since their content is essential in keeping the plants healthy, alive and free from disease.

    Essential oils are often confused with fragrance oils, but the difference is that essential oils are pure in content. The quality of the processed essential oil is what makes it different from fragrance oil. Essential oils can be used for therapeutic purposes in aromatherapy or as scents for cosmetic purposes. There are about 150 varieties of essential oils that have their own distinct chemical compositions. The effective use of these oils depends on the plant species used and the processes used to extract it. Various varieties of the same oil can have a number of uses.

    Chemists and chemical biologists usually determine which variety of an essential oil will be used and for what purpose. The oils can be extracted using various scientific techniques like mechanical extraction, distillation, or with the use of alcohol in extraction depending on the variety of the plant. To make a drop of rose oil, for example, around 30 rose petals are steamed or water distilled. By cold-pressing the rinds of citrus plants, essences are produced.

    Essential oils are volatile, fragrant liquids extracted from plant leaves, bark, wood, stems, flowers, seeds, buds, roots, resins and petals, usually through steam distillation. In other words, they are raw materials that can be used to create perfumes. They are highly concentrated and apart from a few exceptions, should not be used directly on the skin, although they can be diluted in a carrier oil, such as jojoba, for such use.

    Perfume oils are fragrance components, natural or synthetic, in an oily base rather than an alcohol base, and can be used directly on the skin

    Essential oils are also effectively used at home in different ways, both for their medicinal and cosmetic qualities. They are used as perfumes for potpourris, sometimes added to beauty preparations, or used in simple baths. They are known to be good for the scalp and skin care, and some oils even have a healing effect on the body. Essential oils can be even used in minor first aid treatment or to help relieve colds, headaches, aching muscles or period pains.

    Since essential oils are more expensive than fragrance oils, some fragrances extracted from plants through natural methods are used as fragrant essential oils. These processed essential oils are used as perfumes, body oils and alternative fragrance oils.

    What also makes fragrance oils cheaper is the fact that they are usually mixed with other substances like synthetic oils. Depending on the quality of the composition of the fragrance oil, some oils can cause dizziness or headaches because of their impurity and synthetic content. This is why it is important that you know the quality of the oil you are using before applying it to any part of your body.
    The more popular fragrant essential oils are usually produced by designer houses and are of better quality since they are extracted from freshly harvested raw materials. These fragrant essential oil types may vary according to their composition and combination. These are some familiar essential oils used for fragrances:
    1. The most commonly used fragrance essential oils are citronella, lavender and tea-tree oils used in aromatherapy.
    2. The essence of raw cinnamon is used for massage purposes and for furniture polishing products, linen sprays and scented candles.
    3. Apple Blossom essential oils are mostly used for body mists, massage oils, perfumes and in making scented candles.
    4. The combined oils from rose, cherry, lilac and jasmine together with almond make a Sweet Almond fragrant essential oil used in colognes, air or room fresheners, body mists, massage oils, furniture polishers, linen sprays, or for candles.
    5. For a fresh newly harvested basil scent, Basil fragrant essential oil offers an earthy scent for linen sprays, massage oils, and air fresheners.
    Bergamot on the other hand is a fragrant essential oil extracted from the fusion of a touch of tangerine with other fruity zests. This oil is commonly used for furniture polishers, linen sprays, laundry soaps and softeners, scented candles and carpet cleaning materials.

    List of essential oils
    100% pure essential oils
    Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Essential oils
    Wikibooks has a book on the topic of: Complete Guide to Essential Oils

    How To Make Fragrance Oils
    There are so many things in your life that you want to avoid yet can't, simply because those things are forever and will always be part of your life. At one moment you are happy, and then at another you are sad. Other times you are so stressed out that you want to find ways to relieve your stress.There are different ways to relieve your stress. Relaxation techniques such as deep breathing exercises, as well as visual and audio therapy, are effective ways in stress relief. Satisfying your sense of smell may also help because smelling good is also feeling good. Have you noticed every time you smell something pleasing you actually feel relaxed? Wouldn't it also be better to have some productive hobby of your own that will take your mind away from your problems with the outside world?

    Creating fragrance oils is actually one such hobby. It hits two birds with one stone, actually: you find stress relief as you make the fragrance oils, and the fragrance oils themselves help you find relief from stress. Creating your own fragrance oil is also cheaper than just buying it from stores. Not only that, you can use the fragrance oils for your personal consumption or give them away to your friends as gifts.

    Try making homemade fragrance oils. In this article, you will learn the steps on how to make fragrance oil.

    • Prepare first the following ingredients: 1 cup of distilled water, vodka, coriander oil, frankincense oil, juniper oil and orange oil. Mix the alcohol or vodka with 3 drops of coriander oil and juniper oil, 1 drop of frankincense oil, and 4 drops of orange oil.
    • You should slowly stir the oil into the vodka, one drop at a time. Continue stirring until the oils become absolutely dispersed.
    • Let the mixture stand for 2 days.
    • Then add the water (remember, it should be distilled) while slowly stirring again until the substances are completely dispersed.
    • Leave the mixture for three weeks in a dark and cool area.
    • Filter the substance to remove any sediment, then bottle it. In finding a proper container, make sure that you do not use light colored or clear containers, may it be plastic or glass. It is best if the color of the container is dark. There's a possibility that if you use a clear container, the light from the outside may affect the changes in the fragrance.
    • While making a perfume, better put protective covering, such as plastic sheets, on your work area. For measuring drops of oils, use an eyedropper so that the addition of the oils will be controlled.
    • You can actually use other oils such as lavender, chamomile, sandalwood, and so on. The strength of the fragrance will depend on the amount of alcohol and oils. And the amount of alcohol and oils may also vary. A drop of more or less may have a different effect and may change the overall quality of the fragrance.
    Aside from being cheap and environment-friendly, creating your own fragrance oil is also good for gift giving. It can even be a good idea for a home-based business. Ask your friends and relatives to order from you the different fragrance oils that suit their liking. Who knows, you might even go big time with this simple hobby.

    Also read:
    ESSENTIAL OILS: Hazards, Warnings, and Guidelines !
    List of Hazardous Essential Oils
    How To Clean Up Spilled Aroma Oils

    How to Create a Signature Scent

    While perfumers will try to convince you to use their products as your fragrance, there are many other ways to come up with your own signature scent. While some may be on the expensive side, others can be affordable and more creative to obtain.

    Here are ways to create a signature scent:

    Mix two perfumes together. Pick a base perfume and a side scent, such as vanilla and cinnamon. Apply the base perfume on one wrist and behind one earlobe then the side scent on the counterpart wrist and earlobe. Avoid mixing the scents together as these may change the composition of either scent. Avoid mixing too many fragrances, as they will not only counteract each other's effects, but may result in a repellent aroma.
    Use scented lotion. Lotions not only keep your skin supple and moisturized, but provide a pleasant fragrance all over your body. Scented body creams also work well for an all-day fragrance.
    Get samples from the Web. You can ask for samples directly from the perfume company by signing up on their websites, or from people who make homemade fragrances. Many people receive free perfume samples from purchases or unsolicited sources, and instead of throwing them away, they offer them on online auction sites. You can also scan through the offerings from these sites or look for specific brands, then bid for them. Take your time trying on samples to allow them to warm up from your body heat, and clear your nose before proceeding with the next batch.

    Also read: How to Find Perfume Samples
    Acquire some essential oils. Essential oils are the basic ingredients of perfumes and are an affordable alternative to creating your own scent. Purchase these oils from online vendors and study online guides as to which oil works for you. You can even mix your own essential oils at home with some kitchen equipment and some knowledge in aromatherapy. Store your creations in dark bottles, label them clearly and keep them away from light and heat. What's more, you can impart your signature fragrance with homemade items such as candles, soap, body wash and potpourri.

    Also read: How To Make Fragrance Oils and How to Add Scents to Your Beauty Products

    Enlist in a scent-making workshop. Boutique stores regularly host workshops to draw potential customers, and some of these workshops deal in perfume-making. Basic knowledge of perfume, techniques in mixing oils and other tips are taught and discussed, and participants leave with practical knowledge of perfumery, which they can then supplement with books and online resources.

    Also read: How To Make Your Own Perfume

    Consider a classic perfume brand . CKOne, The Body Shop and Prada have several perfumes that are exquisite and memorable. While these perfumes are popular, you can be the one in your social circle to sport one of these fragrances and make it your own. You can buy these perfumes online or at boutique shops and department stores; you can also start your search signature scent with a friend before stepping out, and see if your fragrance is as alluring as it is distinctive by getting samples from perfume kiosks.

    Also read: How to Find Perfume Samples

    You can use mineral oil to tone down some of the more potent fragrances you have in your collection. Make sure to test your signature scent with a friend before stepping out, and see if your fragrance is as alluring as it is distinctive.

    Also read:
    How To Choose a Scent of Perfume Spray
    How To Pick a Fragrance

    How To Find Perfume Samples
    How To Find Designer Perfume Samples
    How To Get Free Perfume Samples Delivered
    Free Perfume Samples
    Perfume Websites ABC
    Discover the Fragrance Families
    Fragrance Wheel (Interactive)
    Fragrances of the World
    The Fragrance Foundation Directory

    How To Make Natural Pheromones
    The study of pheromones is now a distant comparison from its past since its discovery 3 decades ago. In such a short span of time, artificial pheromones are now available in many drug stores. But because this product is so revolutionary, it is sold in the market with a high price tag . To get it, you will need to dig deep into your pockets. However, there is a way of obtaining organic and cheap pheromones.

    Pheromones are found in your own sweat, so the process involved in obtaining it will require you to break a sweat.
    Here is how you do it.

    Learn the facts about sweat.
    Sweat easily becomes foul smelling because it is one of our body's wastes. To slow down the putrefaction of your sweat, eat a healthy diet and minimize its time of exposure to the environment. You might need to cleanse your sweat also by drinking more water. Learn the areas in your body that produces the muskiest smell. For most men, the areas around the nipples, underarms, and reproductive area contains the most concentration of pheromones. Do not mistaken musk with foul smell. If your sweat smells extremely strong but it does not contain the familiar smell of bad body odor, then that smell is musky.

    Collect your own sweat. Three days before collecting your pheromones, prepare your body for it. Eat a high protein diet , drink plenty of water, and exercise every day. The day before you are suppose to collect your sweat, prepare for bed as early as possible. Early in the morning, choose the body part that you want to pack with plastic. Some parts may not be easy to pack but do not let that stop you. Just keep in mind that the area should be hygienic. Let yourself sweat hard then collect the drops in a bottle. Leave it alone for a week before proceeding to the next step.

    Use the right exercise. When choosing an exercise, you might want to use the more aggressive ones. Push-ups, boxing, weight lifting, etc. will help you release more of the pheromones through the sweat. Another point to consider when choosing an exercise, is the body part that you want to use. For example, running will not do it for the underarm and groin area because there is just too much friction that could tear off the plastic covering.

    Try your “love scent”. To use the pheromones, mix the sweat with your favorite perfume. Try it on but do not expect it to work on everyone. It is known by science that pheromones work like keys to a door. Some women may not be sensitive to your brand of sweat. However, when you find someone who is attracted to you instantly, do not let that person go. That person could fall in love with your scent.

    Natural pheromones are our body's way of calling a special someone, but if the natural selection process of having a special someone come after you has been slow for you, then try this and let the magic happen. This is your ticket in getting into the hearts of the ladies.

    Also read:
    How To Find Perfumes that Contain Human Pheromone
    How To Find the Best Pheromone Reviews
    How To Use Pheromone Oil to Attract Men
    How to make Perfume
    The price of perfume for men and women these days can be pretty steep. For a bottle of a popular men's fragrance by Ralph Lauren or a women's perfume by Chanel, you can expect to pay anywhere from $50 to $100. This price is pretty high for a scent that is not even unique! For a whole lot less money and just a few ingredients, you can make your own customized perfume and decide what goes into it as well. Use these tips to make perfume.

    Understand the formula. Although there is no single correct formula for making perfume, the basic formula is 15% to 30% of the total amount coming from essential oil; 80% to 90% of the remainder is perfumer's alcohol, which you may be able to find at perfume ingredient wholesalers, or pure grain alcohol such as Everclear or 100-proof vodka. (Perfumer's alcohol is ethanol with an added ingredient to make it bitter and undrinkable.) Distilled or bottled spring water makes up the last 5% to 10% of the remainder. (Keep in mind that it may be illegal to sell perfumes made from Everclear or vodka in some parts of the United States. Check local laws first if you plan to sell your perfume.)

    Decide on essential and fragrance oils.
    Essential oils contain the scent essences of plants and flowers. Fragrance oils contain scents that may by synthetic blended with a carrier oil. Essential oil can be replaced with fragrance oil to create a perfume for a cheaper price, but the quality of the scent will probably be lower. Essential and fragrance oils can easily be found in craft stores, health food stores, and perfume ingredient wholesalers. (Do a Web search on “perfume ingredient wholesale” for a current list of businesses that sell the ingredients you need)

      You can also make your own essential oil or distilled scent using fresh flowers. Gather the freshest flowers you can find, and crush or cut them into small pieces to release the volatile scent compounds.

    Then, soak the pieces in either distilled water or odorless carrier oil such as jojoba, almond or apricot kernel oil.

    If you are using water, use about 4 cups of flowers with about 2 cups of distilled water.

    If you are using oil, use about 4 cups of flowers with about 1 cup of oil.

    The water or oil must sit for at least 24 hours, and you may wish to repeat the process with the oil or water if the flowers you've chosen have a very light scent.

    Remember, however, that some oils can cause allergic reactions on the skin, so be sure to do a patch test on the inside of your arm once your perfume is complete. You should never apply essential oils directly to the skin.

    Decide on top, middle and bottom notes.
    When you are ready to start combining fragrance or essential oils to make a scent that is completely unique, understand that there are three different notes in perfumes: top, middle and bottom.

    • Top notes , or head notes, are the scents that you notice first, and they do not last as long as the other two notes. They do, however, add to the scent significantly, so when making perfume they should be chosen carefully. Top note fragrances include oils such as rose, lavender, jasmine, bergamot, and orchard.
    • Middle notes , or heart notes, add to the scent for a while once the top notes have dissipated, but do not last as long as the base notes. Fragrance oils that make good middle notes include lemongrass, geranium, neroli (orange blossom) and ylang-ylang.
    • Base notes stay longest on your skin. You will usually notice their scent about 30 minutes after you have applied the perfume. When making a perfume that includes all three notes, add the base note oil first. Follow the base note with the middle note oil, and finish with the top note. Base notes include oils such as vanilla, cinnamon, and sandalwood.

    Create a mood.
    Most perfumes fall under the description categories of citrus, woodsy, oriental, floral and spicy. However, you can also use certain scents to alter your mood; this is called aromatherapy. You may want to keep this in mind when you are creating your concoction.

    For example,

    vanilla, cinnamon and lavender can calm anxiety and be comforting,
    while orange and ylang ylang can ease anger and sandalwood and grapefruit can fight fear.
    For a refreshing kick of energy, use any citrus fruit, nutmeg or a mint such as peppermint or spearmint.
    Need a boost of confidence and mood? Try cypress or rosemary, sweet basil, bergamot or geranium.
    Frankincense, rose, and bergamot can help relieve depression and grief.
    To increase memory powers, try a combination of black pepper and peppermint.
    For a sensual, romantic treat, use jasmine, ylang ylang, neroli, patchouli or rose.
    (Don't forget to write down your formula so you can make the perfume again.)

    There are many recipes for perfume online. While playing with fragrances can be fun, it can also be frustrating if you cannot get the desired scent you want. You can perform a simple web search to find a previously created recipe, either with or without the use of alcohol, by typing “perfume recipes” into any search engine. Searching for a ready-made recipe can ensure that the formula you try will be successful. The website, Pioneer Thinking contains some great perfume recipes for beginners. The names are better than what the designers name their perfumes.

    Make your perfume.
    You will have to play around with the oils to make your own homemade perfume.

    To start, try mixing ¼ cup of straight vodka with 5 drops of an essential or fragrance oil of your choice. Depending on how strong you want the perfume, you can let the mixture stand for as few as 48 hours to as long as a month. The longer your mixture stands, the stronger it will be.

    After your perfume has sat for the preferred time, add 2 tablespoons of the distilled water. If it is too strong for you, you can add more water to get your desired scent strength. You may find that vodka-based perfumes require more water, and that the water may tend to separate; if this happens, simply shake the perfume each time you apply it.

    To stabilize the perfume and make the scent last longer, add a tablespoon of glycerin to your perfume mixture. Glycerin is a thick colorless liquid that is often used in soap making. It can be found anywhere soap-making supplies are found. When added to water and alcohol, glycerin remains in liquid form and helps the other ingredients dissolve faster and better.

    Store your perfume properly.
    The scent in perfumes can quickly break down in the presence of heat, light or oxygen, and homemade perfumes will not last as long or smell as strong as store-bought ones because they lack the many stabilizing ingredients used by professional perfumers. To keep your homemade perfume as fresh as possible, store it in a small UV resistant glass or plastic container. You can buy a container with a sprayer at almost any local craft store. You might also be able to find vintage perfume bottles at thrift stores or flea markets. Keep the bottle in a cool place away from direct sunlight. Storing it in the refrigerator isn't necessary for the perfume to last.
    From using oils to storage requirements, you can now start making perfume. Now that you know the basics, feel free to give your homemade perfume to men or women as birthday or Christmas gifts. Who wouldn't love to receive their own signature scent, especially if it is named after them?

    Also read:
    ESSENTIAL OILS: Hazards, Warnings, and Guidelines !
    List of Hazardous Essential Oils
    How To Clean Up Spilled Aroma Oils

    Make Perfume


    Watch the E-How Video Series: Making Perfume

    The World of Smell: An Inside Tour of the World's Largest Perfume Lab from

    Things You'll Need in the Next Chapters

    Materials you will need depending on the product you're gonna make

    Cutting board
    Glass bowl
    Aluminium bowl
    Measuring cup
    Coffee filters
    Glass Jar (storage)
    Destilled Water
    Vodka (Alcohol)
    Propylane Glycol
    Bees wax
    Essential Oils
    Fruits & Vegetables
    Baking Soda
    Deodorizing Powder
    Storage Bottles
    Cleaning >
    Mild Hand Soap
    Dish Soap
    White Vingar
    Spray Bottle
    Pre Laundry Stain Remover
    Laundry Detergent

    What you need to start


    1. 3 essential or fragrance oils, one for each classification
    2. Pipettes or glass droppers (one for each oil, plus one for your carrier oil)
    3. Tags or labels for your bottle
    4. Perfume tester strips OR cotton swabs
    5. Empty ( clean !) bottle for storing your creation
    6. Jojoba oil (or other Carrier oil )
    7. Optional: Notepad and pens for keeping notes
    8. Optional: Newspapers or paper towels to keep your work surface safe

    Cheat Sheet FragranceWheel (Click to interact)

    Also read:
    ESSENTIAL OILS: Hazards, Warnings, and Guidelines !
    List of Hazardous Essential Oils
    How To Clean Up Spilled Aroma Oils
    How To Make Homemade Perfume

    Perfume has been in use for thousands of years. It started from the burning of incense and other aromatic herbs, more frequently used during religious ceremonies. The Egyptians were the first to include perfume in their culture. They also invented glass and they have used perfume bottles as early as 1000 BC.

    There are three notes that make up the layers or the harmony of a perfume. The top notes or head notes are what you can immediately smell and which evaporate quickly. After the top notes dissipate, you will smell the middle or heart notes. This is the main body of the perfume. After about thirty minutes, you will smell the base notes, which together with the middle notes define the theme of the perfume. The base notes are the richer and deeper scents that are left on your skin after the top and middle notes evaporate.

    Perfumes are sold in different prices ranges based on the concentration of essential oils.

    • Perfume (Parfum) is the most expensive, with 22 percent of essential oils
    • Eau de Parfum has 15 percent to 22 percent of essential oils.
    • Eau de Toilette contains 8 percent to 15 percent of essential oils.
    • Eau de Cologne has about 4 percent of essential oils.
    • Eau Fraiche has the weakest amount of essential oils at only 1 percent to 3 percent of essential oils.

    Buying different perfumes for every occasion can tax your wallet. You too can have different perfumes at the fraction of the cost. There are various recipes for homemade perfume that you can try, and you can mix the scents that you really like, which is a major consideration.

    Here are some of them.

    Recipe 1

    Ingredients and materials:

    • 1 tablespoon carier oil (Jojoba oil, almond oil ect)
    • 1 tablespoon beeswax
    • 8-15 drops of essential oil(s) of your choice
    • 1 small, sterilized glass jar
    • 1 saucepan
    • Disposal stirrer or swizzle stick
    • 1 small glass container with a tight lid to store the perfume


    1. In the small glass jar mix the wax and almond oil.
    2. Fill the saucepan with about one inch of water and place the jar in the center. Bring the water into a boil to melt the wax. Stir to mix.
    3. When the wax has completely melted, remove from heat and add the essential oil(s). Stir the mixture until it is well blended.
    4. Pour the final product into a container and allow it to cool and harden.

    Recipe 2


    • 15 drops of bergamot essential oil
    • 3 drops each of sandalwood and cedar wood essential oil
    • 2 drops of vanilla essential oil
    • ½ pint of 70 percent alcohol or vodka


    1. Pour the alcohol in a glass spray bottle.
    2. Add all the essential oils and shake well to blend
    3. Leave the bottle in a cool place for one week
    4. When ready to use, give the bottle a shake before you spray your perfume

    Recipe 3


    • 12 drops of geranium oil
    • 8 drops each of jasmine and ylang-ylang oil
    • 4 drops of patchouli oil
    • 3 drops of bergamot oil
    • 2 drops of neroli oil
    • 2 tablespoons jojoba oil


    1. Pour the jojoba oil in a dark glass spray bottle
    2. Add the various oils one by one and shake the bottle to thoroughly mix all the oils
    3. Leave the perfume bottle in a cool place for several hours
    4. Shake the bottle well before using the perfume spray
    The major cost you will incur will be on the purchase of essential oils. Beyond that, the rest of the ingredients are quite cheap. With a little know-how on combining scents, you can make your own homemade perfume that will be your own personal blend.

    Also read:
    ESSENTIAL OILS: Hazards, Warnings, and Guidelines !
    List of Hazardous Essential Oils
    How To Clean Up Spilled Aroma Oils

    How To Make Homemade Water Based Perfume
    Perfumes and scents are to some extent considered luxury items. To avoid hurting your budget, you may consider making your own. Contrary to the common notion, making your own water based perfume is not that hard. You can make one even in the comfort of your home. Moreover, water based scents are safer than alcohol based perfume sold in the stores. Here are the necessary steps in making your own homemade water based perfume.

    1. Prepare the materials. You will need an airtight container, cheesecloth, a pot, glass bottle for the perfume (must be completely airtight. A sprayer is a plus point.), two cups of water, a funnel, a stove, 3 drops of glycerin and a cup of fresh flower petals.
      The freshness of the petals is very crucial for the scent of your perfume. You can use the type of accessible fragrance that you want. The most used scents are lavender and rose. You can also use fruit tree fragrances from their flowers like mango, apple and the other aromatic fruits. Cut the petals of the flowers into small pieces. This will give off their fragrance. Put the chopped petals on top of the cheesecloth. After doing this, take hold on the edges of the cheesecloth. Pour the water in the container through the cheesecloth. Make sure that they are completely immersed. Keep the edges of the cheesecloth on the edge of the container. Properly place the cover of the container and make sure that the container is completely airtight. Leave the container for 24 hours.
    2. Bundle the cheesecloth and remove it from the container. Leave the flowered water in the container. Before removing the bundle of chopped flowers, prepare the pot at your side. Once you remove the bundle, place it on top of the pot and squeeze the remaining water. Keep squeezing until the petals have no more scent in them. After this, transfer the perfumed water in the container into the pot.
    3. Ready the stove. Heat the mixture in the stove and let simmer. Let the perfumed water evaporate until only 2 teaspoonfuls are left. This will concentrate your perfume and make its scent more striking.
    4. Repeat if necessary. You can repeat the process again if you want to add more.  You can also make more of this as long as you stick with the ratio of two cups of water to 1 cup of petals.
    5. Heat the mixture again for 3 minutes and then add glycerin. Glycerin will make your perfumes last longer. After doing this, you can now put your perfume into its bottle.
    Your perfume is now ready. Place it in a stylish bottle that you can personally design. It can be perfect for a gift or for personal use.

    How To Make a Perfume without Alcohol
    Since time immemorial, most people have always been accustomed to wearing perfume for different reasons. Some believe that you can make someone fall for you by wearing perfume. Some simply want to feel fresh by smelling pleasantly. However, there are those who don't wear perfume at all for various personal reasons.

    While wearing perfume has its benefits, it also has its own share of drawbacks. Believe it or not, some are allergic to perfume due to its alcohol content, which is used as its solvent. Needless to say, alcohol, as a highly evaporative substance that it is, also helps disperse the scent of the perfume into the air. However, alcohol can cause skin irritation to some people when it comes in contact with their hypersensitive skin. Too bad for them, most of the perfumes available in department stores have alcohol content. Because of this, it would be more advisable for them to just make their own alcohol-free perfume, instead of looking for one.

    Read through this article, and learn how to make perfume without alcohol.
    • Use carrier oils. You can make an oil based perfume using carriers such as almond oil, grape seed oil, or sun flower oil, instead of alcohol. For better results, it would be highly recommendable to use jojoba oil or fractionated coconut oil instead. Any of these oils will take the place of alcohol in your perfume.

      Mix essential oils with your carrier oil. Essential oils are the distilled essences of plants that basically contain scent molecules that cause and bring out the fragrance in plants. As perfumes have three scent notes – base note, heart or middle note, and top note – make sure to use three types of essential oils to cover each of these notes. The base note is the longest-lasting scent such as vanilla, sandalwood, benzoin and patchouli. The heart or middle note is the heart of the perfume that causes silage, like lavender, jasmine, rose or geranium. While the top note is what you notices first, and don't last long, such as citrus. You can experiment on the combination of these fragrances to get the smell that you want. Get each of these notes, and start blending them together. You can use equal amounts of each. For example, put 25 drops of citrus, vanilla and lavender. You can also use more than one scent for each note. Blend the combination of essential oils that you've picked with your carrier oil.

    • Mix it well. Place your mixture in a vial. Mix it well by shaking the vial for around thirty seconds. You'll notice at first that after you shake the vial, the mixture is still unevenly mixed, so you have to do this twice a day for a period of 1 week.
    • Let your perfume sit for a month. Place the mixture in a vial and let it sit for a month, as the smell of your perfume matures over a period of time.
    It may take you time before you can perfect making your own alcohol free perfume. To save you time and energy, plan the fragrance that you want before mixing your oils. If you want to imitate the scent of a branded perfume, simply look at its ingredients. Or you can match and mix. Another good thing in making your own perfume is the ability to create the scent that you want.

    Also read:
    ESSENTIAL OILS: Hazards, Warnings, and Guidelines !
    List of Hazardous Essential Oils
    How To Clean Up Spilled Aroma Oils
    How To Make a Perfume Spray
    Perfume sprays can be a fun way to pass time. You can personalize your very own perfume spray and let your personality shine through. They are great to give as gifts to your friends and loved ones. They are easy to make, and can be a great way to release all your creative energy. You can even profit by selling perfumes online.

    Here are some steps on how to make your very own perfume spray:

    Remember the basics of making perfume sprays. All perfume sprays rely on three things: a base note, a middle note, and a top note. In many ways, they are like musical notes harmonizing to make a beautiful sound. You should always make sure that all of the scents work well together, so that your perfume is not too overpowering or overbearing. Most importantly, they should fit your personality. The base, middle, and top note will determine what the mood of your perfume will be, so choose scents that don't clash. There should always be more of the base note than both the middle note and the top note. This will make up 25% of your perfume spray.

    Choose your ingredients. Even on a budget, you can make your perfume spray smell great. Essential oils have a more powerful scent. However, they are very expensive as only the best materials are used in making the oil. Fragrance oils are a great alternative to essential oils. For beginners, it is best to start with fragrance oils because you will be experimenting a lot. You don't want to waste the valuable essential oil on an unsuccessful perfume spray. Aside from the oils, you will need something to dilute them in. You can use anything from alcohol to vodka. This should make up about 75% of your perfume spray. Another optional ingredient would be a chemical like Glycerin. It will help your perfume spray last longer. You will  need to add a little bit of water.

    Start mixing. First off, you should blend your basic ingredients first. Start with the base note , the middle note , and then the top note . Use different essential or fragrance oils to accentuate the mood you are going for. Make sure that your mix is well balanced. Beforehand, you should experiment a little bit to familiarize yourself with the process. After mixing all the oils, start diluting your fragrance. Remember that your fragrance should only make up 25% of the perfume spray. Adding any more will make your fragrance spray too overbearing. To dilute, the best ingredient to use at home would be vodka. You should let the solution sit for a while so that the scents can blend well together. You can add a little water to the mix after a while. While waiting for the solution to set, you can periodically take a whiff out of the spray fragrance to make sure that you're getting the right mood you're going for. Making your own perfume spray is even better than buying cheap perfumes. Even on a budget, you can make a great perfume spray at home. Choose beautiful perfume bottles to add even more charm to your spray. With a little more experience, you can even make your own perfume lotions. Remember that the most important ingredient in your perfume spray is your personality. Follow these steps and you can make a perfume spray that exudes your personal style.

    Also read:
    ESSENTIAL OILS: Hazards, Warnings, and Guidelines !
    List of Hazardous Essential Oils
    How To Clean Up Spilled Aroma Oils
    How To Make Lemon Perfume

    During summer, one of the best scents that you can sport is the citrusy smell of lemons. These have a light scent that will minimize the thick and humid summer air and which will float gently around you throughout the day. Instead of purchasing a bottle of designer perfume, however, you can create and customize your own lemon perfume.

    Creating the base . Perfumes are generally made using scentless alcoholic compounds for the base. An alternative base for the perfume is vodka. The higher the proof for the vodka, the better it will be for your perfume. Make sure that you do not choose vodka that comes in flavors, since these will have other chemical compounds which can distort or react with the essential lemon oils that you will incorporate. For every half a cup of vodka, you should add around 100 drops of lemon oil. Essential oils extracted from lemons can be purchased in most specialty shops and fragrance shops.

    Determine the strength . You can adjust the scent of the lemon perfume by adjusting the vodka to lemon oil ration. The more vodka you will use, the less prominent the scent of the lemon oil. The more lemon oil you add into the mixture, the stronger will be the scent. You should try out the lemon oil first, however, since some lemon oil extracts are stronger than others, depending on the type of lemon fruit from which the essential oils are extracted.

    First aging phase . You will need to allow the essential oils to combine with the vodka by placing the vodka and oil combination in a darkly tinted glass. If there are no tinted bottles available, you can use empty beer bottles. Use a piece of plastic tied tightly on the mouth of the beer bottle to prevent dirt from penetrating the mixture. Leave the mixture in a cool and dry place for around a week, making sure to shake the bottle each day to diffuse the mixture.

    Second aging phase
    . The second aging phase will begin once you add three spoonfuls of distilled water into the mixture. Again, diffuse the water into the oil and vodka mixture by giving it a good shake. Make sure that you let the perfume age for at least a month. The longer you allow the scent to age, however, the more prominent the scent will become and the better the scent will be able to stay on your skin and clothes all day. Give the bottle a shake every so often to prevent the liquids from clumping.

    Straining . After six weeks at least, you can remove the perfume from the tinted bottle. Use a strain or cheesecloth to remove any impurities that may have built up in the mixture, and then place the perfume in a bottle of your choice. You can also use aerosol dispensers that will allow you to spray the perfume on yourself.

    Apart from lemon, you can also add other scents to the mixture, such as a base of sandalwood to complement the citrus scents. You can create the lemon perfume not only for your own use, but also as homemade gift items.

    Also read:
    ESSENTIAL OILS: Hazards, Warnings, and Guidelines !
    List of Hazardous Essential Oils
    How To Clean Up Spilled Aroma Oils

    How To Make a Perfume with Real Vanilla Beans
    Vanilla is one of the most popular, sought after flavorings known today. It is used in a variety of dishes, especially in desserts. It gives out a certain, mouthwatering smell that makes you want for more. Due to its luscious and sweet aroma, it has also become the favorite fragrance of most women today.
    A lot of perfume companies have already started incorporating this lovely, undulated scent in their products. From colognes to soaps, it is practically everywhere!  But instead of spending a lot of money on over-priced perfumes, why don't you just make your own?
    It is effectively fragrant and purely organic, since there are no chemicals involved. It is very easy to make too. All you need to do is follow these instructions carefully and before you know it, you have already created your very own, sweet-scented vanilla perfume that you've always wanted.

    1.    First, you need to prepare the following ingredients:

    • 20 Fresh vanilla beans (you can use the extracted ones but it is not as effective)
    • Vodka (100% pure)
    • Lemon or cinnamon oil
    • Distilled or purified water
    • Coffee filter
    • Perfume bottle

    2.    Cut all 20 vanilla beans in half and graze the insides thoroughly. Put it in a bowl.

    3.    Add 25 drops of lemon oil (for citrus smell) or cinnamon oil (for tangy smell).

    4.    Add two ounces of vodka. Mix thoroughly.

    5.    Cover the bowl and leave it for two to four weeks, or even more if you like. The longer it sits, the more powerful the scent of the perfume will be.

    6.    When it has sit long enough, get your perfume bottle and strain all contents of the bowl by using the coffee filter. Add distilled or purified water until the bottle is full. Shake it well and store it in a cool, dry area.

    Here are some helpful tips you need to remember:

    1. Do not store all your perfumes in direct sunlight. It will make the scent grow weaker.
    2. Always put the cap tightly on to avoid the perfume from evaporating.
    3. You can also use oils other than lemon or cinnamon that would suit your taste.
    4. Fresh vanilla beans are available in organic health stores and in specialty stores.
    5. Always make sure that all utensils that you are going to use are clean and dry to avoid conflicting scents that may ruin the smell of your perfume.
    6. It is recommended that you use only the top ingredients you can find in making this. The quality of the perfume will be stronger and long lasting.
    You can also make perfumes as gifts for your families and friends. They will be greatly surprised and would surely appreciate it when they found out that you yourself made it. It is cheaper than buying an expensive perfume in the mall. It is environmentally friendly too. There are no chemicals involved so you are not harming any living or non-living thing in the process of making it. You don't even have to cook it!  Try it now and discover how easy it is to make one. Good luck!

    Also read:
    ESSENTIAL OILS: Hazards, Warnings, and Guidelines !
    List of Hazardous Essential Oils
    How To Clean Up Spilled Aroma Oils
    How To Make Honeysuckle Perfume
    Honeysuckle has been one of the most underrated flowers in the fragrance industry. Its very relaxing and cool aroma is something that cannot be ignored. Luckily, there is no need to spend much to get its fragrance. You can make your ownhoneysuckle perfume in the comfort of your home. This perfume can be perfect for yourscented candles or as a personal gift. To start making your own, here are the necessary steps that you must take.
    1. Prepare the ingredients and materials. The basic things you will need are: two cups of water (you can use distilled water over hard water for better quality), cheesecloth or any type of thin fabric cut into a large square approximately 6 inches per side, a pot or a casserole, a heating range, about 5 drops of glycerin, an air tight container and 1 to 2 cups of honeysuckle blossom with the leaves and stems picked out.
    2. Chop the petals into small pieces. Cut the petals so that their scent can be fully extracted.
    3. Place the cheesecloth or any chosen fabric on top of the container. Remove the cover of the container and place the fabric on it. Be sure to leave the edges of the cloth hanging on the sides of the container.
    4. Put the chopped petals at the top of the cheesecloth and spread them equally across the surface. This is to maximize the scent that you can extract from these petals. Pour down the water in the cheesecloth slowly. The water will get the scent from the chopped petals. Make sure that you pour across each of the petals thoroughly so as to extract more scent from the petals. Let the cheesecloth and the petals fall inside the container, submerging the petals in the water. However, the edges of the cheesecloth must remain outside the container. Pin these edges in their place by putting the cover of the container. Make sure to do this properly to prevent air from entering the container and ruining the mixture itself. Leave it for approximately a day.
    5. Squeeze the bundle of petals to extract the remaining scent from it. Take the cheesecloth out from the container. Put the extracted perfume water into the pot or casserole. Dispose the petals and put the perfumed water in the container into the pot.
    6. Bring the perfumed water into a boil. This will concentrate the scent. Let the water evaporate until only 2 tablespoonfuls are left. Put two drops of glycerin to make it last longer. The perfume may last for more or less two months.
    7. Put the newly created honeysuckle perfume into a container. Pour down hot water into the container and then dry using a clean towel. It is now ready for use.
    This perfume is perfectly safe because it does not have alcohol, which many market perfumes have. Moreover, disposing it is very eco friendly. You can make more of this sweet concoction by adding the amount of each ingredient. However, you must strictly follow the original ratio (two cups of water for one cup of honey suckle petals) to acquire the perfect scent. Make your own honeysuckle perfume now.

    How To Make a Chocolate Scented Perfume
    Some may love it while others may hate it but a chocolate scent for a perfume is something that you can consider.  Chocolates as a food is known to relax and the senses of most people, at least those that are not allergic to it. With that same logic, the scent of chocolate will probably have the same effect.  In fact, it can even lead people catching the scent somewhat hungry for a chocolaty dessert.  So the question know stands, are you interested in learning how to create a perfume that will produce a chocolaty scent?  If so, then here is a recipe you may find very effective.  The concoction you will be making can either be worn by you or given as a gift to your special someone. 
    • Start with the initial mixture .  The initial mixture will consist of alcohol, preferably vodka and chocolate scented oil.  Get a bowl and pour in half a cup of vodka.  Follow that with about 6 to 8 drops of the scented oil.  Stir the mixture as you place each drop of the oil with a spoon.  Once all the drops are in, stir the mixture more so that the oil and alcohol will blend together well.
    • Age the mixture .  The next step will be to age the mixture.  The more you age it, the more potent the fragrance will be.  At the minimum, you will want to age it for 2 days however, if you want a stronger scent to emanate from it, then you will definitely do well aging it for about a month or so.  Store it in a sealable container and place the container to sit in a cool, dry, and sunlight free area.  If this is your first try, then you may want to try out 2 to 3 days of aging first to get a feel of how strong the scent will be.  For the future batches, you can lengthen the aging until you get the appropriate aging time relevant to your preference.
    • Add water .  After the aging time you set for the perfume has passed, take the mixture out and pour in a couple of tablespoons of distilled water.  This will taper down the scent if it becomes too potent.  If you like the scent strength, then limit to a tablespoon of water instead.  The more you add, the less potent the fragrance will be.  Don't forget to stir the concoction as you add the water.  Of course, don't forget to sniff either.
    • Make it last longer .  The next step will be to add the element that will make the scent last a whole lot longer.  Glycerin is known to do just that.  Add a tablespoon of it into the mix and stir.

    The final part of the process will be to filter you newly made perfume.  Use a coffee filter, one that is unused, to strain the tiny particles from the mixture.  Pour the filtered perfume in a glass bottle with a spraying lid.  If you plan to store the perfume, make sure that sunlight does not hit it.  Constant exposure to the sun will weaken the potency and may even alter the scent.

    How To Make Your Own Cologne
    Cologne is a scented liquid made of alcohol and different essential oils. Dated back to the 18th century, the fragrance was first made in Koln, a German city. Cologne is the French and English name for Koln, thus naming the scented liquid as cologne. Cologne was first used as toilette water. Nowadays, cologne is widely used by men not only to smell good and feel fresh but also to attract women through the fragrance. As Bill Maher said in a commercial of a new product, “a new cologne is coming out. It is for cowboys, and it is made from cow manure. That way the women will be on you like flies!” suggesting that the fragrance makes a difference in a man's way of attracting women .

    Branded colognes being endorsed by high profile celebrities are very expensive because of their names. Whether it is commercially made with a popular brand or homemade cologne, it could have the same fragrance because it uses the same ingredients. If you are planning to give your man your favorite scent and would prefer not to spend as much, just make your own cologne. Here is how it is made.

    1. Prepare what you need—concentrate of essential oils, 100 percent proof vodka or brandy, distilled or spring water and bottle.
    2. For a sample fragrance, take 2 drops of lavender oil, 4 drops of carnation oil, 3 drops of juniper oil, 2 drops of jasmine oil, 3 drops of ylang-ylang.
    3. Add the essential oils to 2½ ounce vodka. Stir slowly but long enough to disperse the oils. Let this mixture stand for 48 hours.
    4. After 48 hours, add 2 tablespoon of distilled water, for a thinner fragrance, add more water. Stir slowly and let this mixture stand for another 48 hours. Stick to this number of hours because if you increase the curing period, it would no longer be a cologne but a perfume. If the formula seems too strong, add more water to dilute it.
    5. Once the cologne matures or cures, pour it through a coffee filter into your bottle. This will filter your cologne from impurities or sediments. You now have your own signature cologne.
    6. Other formula that you could try—2 drops of patchouli, 2 drops of lavender, 3 drops of ylang-ylang and a drop of jasmine. You can make your formula by experimenting, but this would mean budget since essential oils are expensive.

    The cologne or perfume making industry started way back the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt. Romans and Persians followed suit and make good about it to perfect the craft. It was only during the Renaissance period that the industry made it big in Europe. During this period, only wealthy people could afford to buy the product because of its pricey nature. Their purpose in putting cologne was to hide their unpleasant body odor due to poor hygiene during those days.

    To make your own cologne, you must know how to differentiate it from perfume. Cologne is basically a sort of diluted perfume, which was allowed to mature or cure in lesser time. It contains 2.5% concentration of essential oils while perfume contains 15%.

    Also read:
    ESSENTIAL OILS: Hazards, Warnings, and Guidelines !
    List of Hazardous Essential Oils
    How To Clean Up Spilled Aroma Oils
    How To Make Cinnamon Scented Oils
    One of the products that we use for our body is the oil. Health and beauty specialists even make them with various scents that we can choose from. Vanilla, strawberry, citrus and berries are just some of the scents that you'll smell when you enter the body shops. One of the most bought oils is cinnamon scented oil. It's got a sweet and tangy smell. This scent helps you relax when you inhale it.
    Cinnamon scented oil could be so addictive that you may want to always use it. So instead of spending money buying the product, start learning how to make it. The steps are very simple to follow. Also, you can make it as often as you like.

    If you are interested in pampering you body with this product, then here are the steps on how to make cinnamon scented oils:

    1. Combine propylene glycol and cinnamon extract. Measure 3 ounces of propylene glycol. Then get 3 ounces of cinnamon extract. Pour the two ingredients in a clean bottle container. Cover it tightly with the cap. Shake well to produce the scented oil mix.
    2. Dilute oil mix in water. Measure 1 ½ ounces of the scented oil mix. Pour it in water. This helps tame the strong scent of the oil mix. Take note, raw oil can be dangerous to the skin.
    3. Heat the mixture. Pour the oil mix in a small pan. Turn on the stove and heat the pan. Mix the oil in low heat until it boils. Mix until the liquid evaporates.
    4. Add water. Measure ¾ cups of water. Pour it in the small pan. Stir continuously in low heat to blend the oil and water together. Then turn off the stove.
    5. Use the oil. Use the cinnamon scented oil right after brewing it. Massage it on your head and other body parts. Or put it in the bath tub filled with water for soaking. Let the aromatic scent give you the relaxation that your body needs.
    6. Dispose left over oil. Do not attempt to store the rest of the mixed oil. It can be poisonous. It can stink too after a while. Drain it in the sink while you wash the used kitchenware. Don't forget to throw the other left over ingredients. Throw them once you have opened and used them.

    The aroma of the cinnamon scented oil could be really relaxing. For a more calming sensation, light candles all over the bath tub. Combine the oil with moisturizing bubble soap to make your skin softer. Prepare some wine and food treats as you enjoy the pleasures of body pampering. Or maybe you'd like to read your favorite book as you soak in the bath tub. Let your body relax. It deserves a good treat after a tiring week. You don't need to go to the spa to enjoy luxurious treatment. Just brew up your own cinnamon scented oils. Enjoy it right at the comforts of your own home.

    Also read:
    ESSENTIAL OILS: Hazards, Warnings, and Guidelines !
    List of Hazardous Essential Oils
    How To Clean Up Spilled Aroma Oils

    How To Get Oil Out of Lavender Plants
    The lavender essential oil , which can be extracted from a lavender plant, bestows many health benefits . It is common knowledge among aroma therapists and health professionals that the oil is good for your skin, muscles, joints, blood circulation, and digestion. The oil can also be an alternative medicine for asthma and some respiratory problems. Furthermore, it can also be used to put aroma on your favorite bath soap and lotions.

    To extract this wonderful oil from a lavender plant, there are 4 common ways: maceration (heating the plant), steam distillation (simmering the plant), solvent extraction (spraying solvent on plant) and cold pressing (applying low heat on plant). This process is commonly used by aroma therapists.

    Here are some tips on how to get oil out of lavender plants.

    Extracting oil from Lavender Flower Spikes:

    • On a top pan, put a half portion of the lavender plant. Put some vegetable oil on the pan. Only light oils are allowed, like canola oil.
    • Close the lid and simmer it for at least 2 hours. In cooking the lavender plant, the pan must be filled with water.
    • Filter the contents of the pan. Separate the oil from the plant. Dispose of the dried lavender plant.

    • Use the extracted oil from on the other half. Repeat the process on the other half of the lavender plant.
    • After extracting the oil, put it in a proper container. Clean bottles may do. Put a label on the container afterwards.

    Extracting essential oil from lavender plant by using a brick:

    • Make sure that the brick is clean before doing the extraction. This will ensure that there will be no unwanted things combined in your oil.
    • Put the brick on the center of the pan and put lavender plant on it. The pot must be filled with water until it reaches the top.
    • A heat proof shallow plate must be placed on the head of the brick. The plate will be the holder of the extracted essential lavender oil after cooking.
    • On the head of the cooking pan, place a bowl made of stainless steel. The bowl must be on the center of the pot. After doing it, start putting ice on the heat proof plate or container and get ready for cooking.
    • Place the pan in the stove or double boiler and let it simmer for at least 3 hours. When the ice is melted, put more ice and separate the water with a scooper.
    • After at least 3 hours, let the pan get cold. When it is cold, take away the bowl made of stainless steel and place the ice and water there.
    • Take away the shallow plate to get the oil. On the plate, there is a combination of oil and water. Separate them with separator equipment or a simple funnel. To separate them, let the combination of oil and water run through the funnel. The water will come out first and stop the process if oil is coming out.

    Also read:
    ESSENTIAL OILS: Hazards, Warnings, and Guidelines !
    List of Hazardous Essential Oils
    How To Clean Up Spilled Aroma Oils

    How to Add Scents to Your Beauty Products
    How To Add Scents to Your Beauty Products
    How To Make Your Own Fragrance Oils: Body Oil
    How To Make Scented Jasmine Bath Oil
    How To Make Your Own Scented Liquid Bath Soap
    How To Make Scented Body Lotion
    How To Make a Natural Deodorant
    How To Make a Lavender Hot Oil Treatment

    How To Add Scents to Your Beauty Products
    One of the things loved when going to the spa is the wonderful aroma that permeates every room that you go into. Not only that, you also smell great every time that you're done with any pampering that you have enjoyed. You can always bring home a few of those delightful scented skin care products from your favorite spa. You can recreate the spa experience within the comfort of my room. But for those of you who don't have the time to go to the spa and pick-up scented skin care products, here are some tips on how you can easily make your own spa-inspired beauty products with scents using what we call fragrance oils or essential oils.
    1. Shampoo. Hair has a natural ability to retain scents, hence the numerous heavily-scented shampoos we have on the market.

      Create your very own spa-inspired shampoo by mixing two cups of your preferred brand of unscented shampoo with four drops of peppermint oil, two drops of lemon oil, and two drops of grapefruit oil.

      This recipe will surely invigorate your senses and you will actually go through the day with great smelling hair.
    2. Hand Sanitizer. One of the best lines of defense against germs is a hand sanitizer. Although there are a lot of fragrant hand sanitizers in the market, you can actually make one that carries your favorite scent.

      To do that, simply add one or two drops of your favorite essential oil to an unscented hand sanitizer. Essential oils are strongly concentrated, so use caution when adding them. Shake the container well to evenly distribute the oil you added. You can also make your own hand sanitizer easily. Take equal parts of rubbing alcohol and aloe vera gel (to keep your skin soft and smooth). Add two to three drops of your favorite perfume oil, or favorite perfume.

      Essential oils of lime, orange, and eucalyptus are great for hand sanitizers because their citrus scents give the perception of cleanliness.
    3. After-shower body oil. Body oils are great to use during the cold, winter months because they give you warmth and keep your body moisturized far longer than body lotions could.

      And by adding a few drops of a vanilla essential oil to a natural unscented body lotion, you can actually feel and smell warm for a long period of time. Do not use vanilla extract as its only use is in baking and cooking. Another option is to use olive oil (yes, the one used in cooking) scented with your favorite essential oil. Spritz it lightly unto your body and rub in.

      Greek women do this, and see what great looking skin they have.

    Feel and smell great by following the suggestions given above. Try different essentials oils include sage, ylang-ylang, rose, peppermint, cedar and basic musk. To evoke coastal visions, try sandalwood, while chamomile will help you relax. Take your at-home spa experience to the next level by lighting up scented candles in your bedroom, bathroom, or your living room.

    How To Make Your Own Fragrance Oils: Body Oil
    Fragrance oils are great for layering with perfume or even as an alternative to perfume. Making your own fragrance oils also gives you the option of making your own fragrance if you can't find a scent you like. It is also a more economical way to enjoy single-note fragrances, or even make your own "designer imposter" fragrance. For advanced fragrance oil tips and techniques, I highly recommend The Sweet Smell of Success - this guide is especially handy for those who may want to sell their homemade oils.

    Here are the steps for making your own fragrance oil.

    Find a base oil. There are a lot of choices here. Many of the choices have other benefits, so you may want to compare.

      • Jojoba, for example, is an amazing conditioner for both skin and hair.
      • Arnica oil is a good body oil because it's great for massage - it reduces inflammation, helps aching joints, and helps heal bruises.
      • Another good choice is grapeseed oil, frequently used in moisturizers because of its antioxidant properties. It works on a cellular level to repair damaged and stressed tissues - including stretch marks - and restructures the skin by controlling the levels of moisture in the skin. It even keeps the nerve cells in the skin healthy.
      • If you are looking for a more economical base, vegetable oils such as canola oil, peanut oil, almond oil, and safflower oil, sesame oil, and soybean oil are all readily available in large quantities at the supermarket, and are great moisturizers as well. Rice bran oil is also an economical choice, and it contains a lot of antioxidants that will make your skin glow.
      • Depending on how strong a fragrance you are adding, you can make a very cheap version by using olive oil, and you will still have incredibly smooth skin.
      • Pick the concentrated scented oils you are going to use in your fragrance. This is where you'll use your imagination when you make your own fragrance oils. You can use a single-note scent, like peach or vanilla, or mix together scents to create your own signature scent. It's easy to find scented oils. The Body Shop has a great selection of popular fragrances, including several variations of musk. You can also find an endless selection at any health food or alternative health store relatively inexpensively. You might think that the bottles are expensive for their small size, but you'll be surprised how much power a single drop has. That little bottle will last you a long time! There are endless choices - even bubble gum!
      • Find a good container for your scented oil. A dark-colored glass container will preserve your fragrance better than a clear plastic or clear glass container. Light affects many oils and changes fragrances, so once you have the scent the way you want it, be sure to keep it away from light as well.
      • Protect your surfaces. This process or making at home fragrance oils can get messy, so put down a protective layer on the surface where you're working, especially if it's a wood surface. A thick plastic sheet would be fine.
      • Add the base oil to the bottle. Using a funnel is a good idea unless you have a very steady hand.
      • Drop your fragrance in the oil one drop at a time with an eyedropper. This allows you to gauge the strength of the fragrance in the oil, lest you add too much. How do you gauge the strength of your fragrance? Remember, a little goes a long way. A good rule of thumb is 3 drops of scent for each 1 ounce of oil - more if you like a stronger fragrance, or 1-2 drops if you want a light scent. If you want a strong fragrance, add one drop at a time, and leave the mixture for a few hours, then go back and try a little on your skin. Do this every few hours until you have an intensity you like.
      • Start the "infusing" process. Once you are satisfied with the strength and scent of your fragrance oil, make sure the cap is on tight and set it aside in a dark place for a few days for it to "infuse". This allows the scented mixture to "mature" and reach its final strength. When you are mixing the fragrance, the scent is still concentrated, so before you can use it, it needs times to combine with the whole container of oil. Then it will be ready for use.

      Making perfume oil is a fun project.  Enjoy!

    ESSENTIAL OILS: Hazards, Warnings, and Guidelines !
    List of Hazardous Essential Oils
    How To Clean Up Spilled Aroma Oils

    How To Make Scented Jasmine Bath Oil
    The smell of Jasmine has been used to calm, relax, and sooth people for centuries. In the bath it can be the perfect thing to help you relax and wash away a hard day. Essential bath oils are not difficult or expensive to make. It just takes a few simple ingredients. You will need a carrier oil, Jasmine distilled oil, a funnel and a bottle to keep it in.

    First, a little about the ingredients. You will want to get unscented vegetable based carrier oil. I recommend vegetable based oils such as almond, sunflower, shea, castor, or coconut. You don't want to use anything that carries too strong of a natural scent of its own. How much carrier oil you will need depends on what size bottle you are making.

    The Jasmine oil you use can be made from either Night Blooming or Confederate Jasmine. They both have a fresh clean scent but Night Blooming tends to be a bit sweeter than Confederate. You want to make sure that it is just the essential perfume grade oil and contains no fillers or chemicals.

    The last thing that you need is a good glass bottle with either a cork or a dropper. These bottles are available online, at craft stores, and at several mega stores in the craft section. Don't use plastic because the chemicals in plastic can seep into the oil if it is stored for any length of time. If you are not planning on using it right away you should always use a brown or green glass bottle and store your Jasmine bath oil away from light.
    • To start your bath oil you want to put the carrier oil into your bottle using a funnel. Fill the bottle about 3/4 of the way to the top. You want to make sure that you leave room for your Jasmine essential oil and any flowers or decorations you might want to add.
    • Next add the Jasmine essential oil. You can add as much or as little Jasmine oil as you like to your bath oil. I suggest adding a small amount, shaking your bottle, and smelling it to obtain the strength that you want.
    • Once you do this you can shake or stir the bottle depending on the size of your container add your flowers and you are done. You can then add any flowers or decorations you want to it. Add them slowly letting each one sink to the bottom. Then you can seal the bottle with wax if you intend to store it or use it right away.
    This recipe can also be used with any pure essential oil . You can make any scent you desire by following the same directions and substituting the oil of your choice for the Jasmine scented bath oil.

    How To Make Your Own Scented Liquid Bath Soap
    Few things are as relaxing as a long bath during the weekends or after a hard day at work. Bathing is also a great way to prepare yourself for sleep – not only will you be removing the dirt and grime that has accumulated throughout the day, but you will also lower your body temperature, making it more conducive for sleep. For great baths, you need scented liquid bath soaps. Here's how you can make one.
    1. Chop. Take glycerin soap bars that are available in most pharmacies, supermarkets, and specialty stores. Chop these into very small pieces, or use a grater to create shavings from the glycerin soap bars. You will need at least half a cup of glycerin soap, which will act as the primary ingredient for the liquid soap.
    2. Melt. Next, take the glycerin soap shavings and place these in a small cooking pot. Add in about two cups of water into the shavings and open the stove to the lowest setting. Allow the mixture to reach an almost boiling phase. Make sure, however, that you do not excessively boil the mixture, since doing so can separate some of the substances in the glycerin mixture, making it unusable as a liquid soap. Usually ten minutes of very low heat will be enough.
    3. Mix. You will need two to five grams of borax. Place this into the mixture and dissolve using a spoon. Mix the ingredient well and make sure that the borax does not form clumps in the mixture. The borax should be completely dissolved in order to give maximum cleaning benefits for the soap.
    4. Add fragrance. To add the scent for your liquid bath soap, you will need to use essential oils of your choice. Generally, twenty up to forty drops of fragrant essential oil will be enough. Place this into the mixture while you stir, so that the drops will infuse through the entire solution thoroughly. You can also adjust the scents to make it lighter or stronger, depending on what suits you best.
    5. Storage. The scented liquid soap should be allowed to reach room temperature before storing in the bottles, especially since some bottles will break when in contact with hot liquids. Dispensers are the best bottles where you can store the liquid soap, since this will make it easier for you to use the soap. Make sure that you store the liquid away from direct sunlight in order to prevent the soap from curdling. This will usually last for up to three months, after which you will need to dispose of the leftovers and make a new batch.
    6. Experimenting with scents. You can also add in up to three scents in the liquid bath soap to make a more soothing bath soap. Sandalwood can be the base to which you can add a top note and a base note that will be released in stages as you take your bath.

    Coupled with a scented candle and rose petals scattered on the bath water, a luxurious bath that can make any luxury spa run for its money is easy if you have fragrant liquid bath soaps.

    How To Make Scented Body Lotion
    Whatever you choose, whether it's a lotion bar, body shampoo, body gel, body milk, or body scrub, all are luxurious expenses for a frugal living. But would you suffer dry and scaly skin just to save up a little bit of cash each year? Actually, you don't have to suffer ugliness just to save up some pennies. Why don't you create your own body lotion? Not just a non-scented body lotion but an elegantly fragrant body lotion?

    Doing it yourself will save you some bucks for the designer's fee, the expensive packaging, and of course, the markup in the end market. So, let's start you on your luxurious yet cheap way to beautiful skin.

    First, make sure first that you have all the supplies you need, including unscented lotion base, a glass bowl, scent oils or essential oils, and a bottle for the finished product. Buy only from reputable suppliers if you want to ensure the safety of all the ingredients you will buy.

    You also have to work in a clean environment like your uncluttered kitchen. Now, we really start:

    1. Pour the unscented lotion base into a glass- or metal-made bowl. Make sure that the bowl is clean and large enough for the lotion base and for you to conveniently do some mixing.
    2. Prepare the scent for the body lotion. Do you want to use only one scent for the lotion or a mixture of different scents? There are aromatherapy scents like lavender you can buy in a bottle or you may mix different scents to create a unique one. There is no standard as to how many essential oils you should put to a certain amount of lotion base. Just add essential oils little by little so you can gauge if the scent is already fine for you. Remember, it's easier to remedy a soft-smelling lotion than a strong-smelling lotion.
    3. You may want to add a color for your scented body lotion. For that, you only need a liquid color for the lotion. Make sure that the colorant you will use is safe for the skin. Just like adding the essential oils , you may only want to add the colorant little by little to see the effect. You can always go for a strong-colored lotion, but it is best to go with a light shade.
    4. Thoroughly mix all of the ingredients in a bowl using a rubber spatula or a metal spoon. These should not be used for serving food again because these may become contaminated with the chemicals from the lotion, colorant, and essential oils.
    5. You may want to keep your lotion in nicely designed bottles. Use a funnel to transfer the lotion to the small bottles. This process may take time but just be patient because your creation will finally be bottled.
    6. Stick a label adhesive on the bottle. You may also use your computer to print out a nice label for your scented body lotion. Don't forget to write the ingredients of the lotion and its scent. After that, cap the bottle tightly and store your lotion in a cool, dry place.

    Personalized lotion will surely make your frugal life more beautiful and luxurious even without spending so much for the body scrub, body milk, body gel, body shampoo, and lotion bar. Your creation can also be a great gift for your friends, as well. Who knows, they might like your creation and you can start a small home business with that body lotion.

    How To Make a Natural Deodorant
    Most deodorants you can buy from the pharmacy or grocery store are mainly chemically composed. Their fragrance is also mostly chemical rather than natural. Some of these will cause allergic reactions and other symptoms , especially for those with sensitive skin. If you're one of these people, then you are probably better off making your own deodorant at home, which should include natural fragrance rather than harmful chemicals.

    Materials. There are plenty of natural or so-called organic materials available in the market to choose from. The most used and essential component of deodorant is organic cornstarch. Another ingredient would be the essential oils that may will determine the fragrance, like lavender and rosemary. To add a natural consistency, you need to use deodorizing powder, which will act as the active ingredient. It helps bind the perfume to your clothing and skin, therefore making the fragrance last longer.

    The importance of good oil. There are plenty of oils that you can use, but some oils have their own purpose, and would be most appropriate for use in a deodorant. Here are a few examples:

    • Eucalyptus is the most commonly used oil for the skin, and provides a warming effect.
    • Rosemary acts as an antivirus, and fights against bacteria.
    • Lavender is mild and comforting, ideal for freshening up the skin.
    • Peppermint is famous for cooling nature, and for its pleasing scent.

    Step one: gather your materials. You would need the following to make your natural deodorant.

    • Baking soda
    • Coconut oil (high melting point)
    • Cornstarch
    • Fragrant oil such as lavender, rosemary, lemon, sandalwood and the like
    • Deodorizing powder
    • Container for your deodorant

    There are several essential oils available in the market, and it will depend on your preference , particularly which scent is the best for you. You can also blend these oils to create a new fragrance, depending on your tastes.

    Step two: mix the materials. After gathering all your materials, it's time to mix them all up.

    • Create a mixture of about 80 mL of cornstarch with about 25 to 30 mL of baking soda.
    • Add about 8 to 10 drops of essential oil to the mixture. You could use a single oil like lavender. You can also mix two types of oil, such as lavender with sandalwood, with a combination of four to five drops each.
    • Add two to three tablespoons of coconut oil. You can also add other minerals. For instance, if you want to include Vitamin E, then add few drops. Always try to get coconut oil with the highest melting point possible.
    • Mash the ingredients carefully and constantly until it appears as a silky mass. You can always adjust the quantities of coconut oil and other ingredients, depending on how strong you want the deodorant to smell.
    • You could also add a tablespoon of deodorizing powder to your mixture. This is mostly used for making the fragrance attach to your clothes. It helps retain the fragrance for a longer time.

    Fill up the container and make sure it closes airtight. Your natural deodorant is now ready to use. It's both safe and inexpensive. You are also not limited to the fragrances that commercially-available deodorants have. You can invent your own scent.

    How To Make a Lavender Hot Oil Treatment

    Lavender oil is an extract that is produced by distilling the lavender flower . According to studies, lavender oil is effective for aromatherapy as it can help you calm down and relax. Aside from this, other uses of lavender oil are as pain relievers, mosquito repellent and even for treating mild cough.

    Lavender oil can also be used for various hair treatments. One use of lavender oil in hair care is for hot oil. A lavender hot oil treatment is good for dry and damaged hair . Getting hot oil treatments from salons can be expensive.

    Aside from that, commercial hot oil treatments contain chemicals that can irritate your scalp. If your hair needs a hot oil treatment, you can make your own lavender hot oil treatment at home. You will be using all natural ingredients so you are sure that you won't be allergic to the solution.

    Here are the steps on how you can make your own lavender hot oil treatment at home:

    1. Gather all materials and ingredients. The ingredients that you are going to use for this hot oil treatment are soybean oil, sandalwood, geranium and lavender. The materials you will need are a small cooking pot, heat resistant spatula or spoon, plastic wrap and towel. You can buy the essential oils from your local aromatherapy shop.
    2. Making the lavender hot oil. Get your small cooking pot. In it, put half a cup of soybean oil, eight drops of sandalwood, eight drops of geranium and eight drops of lavender. Stir the ingredients together with the spatula and heat it on the stove. Do not wait for the mixture to boil. Heat it for only a few minutes.
    3. Using the lavender hot oil. Test to see if you can handle the heat of the oil. Dampen your hair with water. Apply the lavender hot oil mixture to your damp hair, caressing the oil from your scalp until the ends of your hair. Massage the oil in until your whole head is coated with the hot oil lavender mixture. Get the plastic wrap and bind your hair with it. Afterwards, soak the towel in hot water and wrap it around the plastic wrap. Leave the wrap on for about twenty to thirty minutes. Shampoo your hair as usual.
    4. Extra lavender hot oil. If you have extra lavender hot oil mixture left, you can place it in a container and use it for another time.

    These are the simple steps on how you can make your own lavender hot oil treatment at home. You can also research on other hair care treatments that make use of lavender oil. Some of the other treatments that you can make are deep conditioners and hair re-growth mixtures. For body care, you can use lavender oil for sun bathing cooler and massage mix.

    These are just some of the things that you can do with lavender oil. To know more about the other uses of lavender oil, you can research about lavender and its uses on the Internet.

    Also read:
    ESSENTIAL OILS: Hazards, Warnings, and Guidelines !
    List of Hazardous Essential Oils
    How To Clean Up Spilled Aroma Oils

    3. Safety & Cleaning
    ESSENTIAL OILS: Hazards, Warnings, and Guidelines
    Essential Oil Safety is one of the most important things to learn about Aromatherapy

    Essential Oil Safety

    Disclaimer: Consult your health care professional about any serious disease. Do not try to diagnose or prescribe essential oils for serious health conditions that require professional medical care.

    Important precautions must be taken, even with the safest and gentlest oils.

    Children, with their innate curiosity, are especially at risk and so it is highly important for their sake that you create good habits of essential oil safety. Please close all bottles tightly and store in a place that is out of reach for them.

    Click here to download brief notes on essential oil safety from IFA (International Federation of Aromatherapists)

    General Guidelines
    1. Read and follow all label cautions and warnings
    2. Keep out of reach of children and pets
    3. Do not use on babies, children or pets
    4. Keep away from flame, heat and ignition sources (essential oils are flammable)
    5. Do not apply undiluted (neat) essential oils directly onto skin; dilute with a carrier oil first
    6. Always conduct a patch test of diluted essential oil on the inner arm before using; do not use if redness or irritation occurs
    7. Do not ingest essential oils
    8. Keep essential oils out of eyes, ears, nose, mouth and any body opening
    9. Never assume an essential oil possesses the same properties as its plant
    10. If you have sensitive skin, epilepsy, heart or kidney problems, or any serious medical condition, do not use essential oils unless advised by a physician or medical professional that it is safe
    11. Do not use essential oils when you are pregnant unless advised by a physician or medical professional that it is safe

    In case of emergency

    1. If an infant or child should accidentally swallow essential oils, immediately dilute the ingested oil by administering milk, soymilk, rice milk, yogurt, cream, or honey. Only use honey if the child is over 12 months of age.

    2. Call your poison control center and/or seek emergency medical help.

    3. If essential oils get into the eye, or if the skin should become irritated, dilute the area immediately with a vegetable or carrier oil.

    Do not use water!

    It can increase irritation and spread the oils. It may also cause the oil to penetrate more quickly. You may need to wipe the oil off with pure vegetable or carrier oil several times. If this does not provide relief, contact a health care professional, and discontinue use of the oil.

    Special essential oil safety guidelines are covered for infants, children, pregnant/nursing women. Not all oils are safe to use for these ages and conditions.

    Always use common sense. Be mindful of the fact that essential oils are powerful and highly potent. Pure essential oils are highly concentrated and only small amounts are required in their application,less is truly more. I know this is hard to believe at first, but trust us. With time, experience, and observation, you will learn this too.

    Essential oils are usually diluted in vegetable oil.Their potency is retained but dilution allows for slower absorption and safer application. Slower absorption is generally preferred.

    There are times when essential oils are best applied undiluted or neat, such as when fast action or intensive treatment is required.

    Important Essential Oil Safety Rule

    Always have carrier oil or pure vegetable oil close by to wipe off essential oils if needed. Apply the pure vegetable or carrier oil to a cotton ball, tissue or handkerchief to dilute and remove the oil.

    Keep essential oils away from the eyes and the eye area. Do not rub your eyes or handle contact lenses with essential oils on your fingers.

    Do not put essential oils into the ears.

    The most common Essential Oil Safety Mistake

    In our family, the most common problem has been accidentally touching or rubbing our eyes when we still had oil on our fingers. If this should happen, immediately remove the oil by gently dabbing your eye with a cotton ball or tissue that has vegetable or carrier oil on it. This will help dilute the oil. Do not flush the eyes with water! Water spreads the oil and could make it worse. Oils are not water soluble.

    One of the most important rules for essential oil safety is to always test an essential oil on the skin before use. Each person has their own unique body chemistry and just as foods affect people differently, so do oils. Testing the oil on the soles of the feet is the safest place. Always test here for babies and children and for those with allergies. Another location is on the inside of the arm just above the elbow. 10-15 minutes is usually sufficient. If the person you are testing is prone to allergies or unusually sensitive allow for 30 minutes. Testing allows you to see how their body will respond. Always, ask about allergies.

    The following are essential oil safety guidelines that are important for you to know:

    1. Always have vegetable oil or carrier oil close by when applying essential oils. This is to dilute and remove the oil if necessary. Do not try and dilute the essential oils with water, it will spread the oil and could make it worse.

    2.Do a skin test of the essential oil if you are using it on a person for the first time. The soles of the feet are the safest and one of the most effective places to use and test oils, especially for babies, children and those with allergies. On the inside of your arm, above the elbow, is another testing place.

    3.Always ask about allergies. People with allergies need to be extra cautious when using essential oils.

    4. Some citrus oils might make the skin very sensitive to the sun's rays as they are light sensitizing. This includes the concentrated, artificial rays from tanning beds which pose a much higher risk. Avoid direct sunlight and tanning beds at least 3-4 days to avoid rash and dark pigmentation. Single oils and blends that contain citrus include lemon, orange, tangerine, grapefruit, bergamot, white angelica, citrus fresh, and joy.5. Do not apply essential oils on the mucous membranes unless diluted.

    6. Certain oils should always be diluted. They can burn and injure the skin. Oils high in phenols, citrals and cinnamic aldehyde, such as thyme, oregano, clove and savory (phenols), lemongrass (citrols), cinnamon bark and leaf (cinnamic aldehyde).

    7. Always use a dispersing agent, such as bath gel base , when adding essential oils to bath water. Never add undiluted essential oils to bath water as they can injure or burn the skin.8. Do not apply undiluted or neat essential oils to parts of the body that are hot, dry or tender. Instead, use a compress that has been soaked in cold water filled with dispersed essential oils.

    9. Use only therapeutic grade essential oils and oil blends. This is extremely important regarding essential oil safety. Before ingesting essential oil, or applying it to your skin, know and trust your source. Most oils contain chemicals that may be dangerous and toxic.

    10. Before taking GRAS (generally regarded as safe) essential oils internally, always dilute in a capsule filled with vegetable oil or mix it with a teaspoon of honey, agave, or olive oil. You can also mix a drop in with rice, soy or almond milk.

    11. Some essential oils are potentially flammable, including pine, fir, orange and peppermint. Keep away from open flames, and electricity.

    Essential Oil Safety for Babies and Children

    1. It is highly important to keep essential oils out of the reach of children. Close each bottle tightly after each use. Double check the bottles before putting away.

    2. If a child or infant should accidentally swallow some essential oil, immediately have them drink an oil soluble liquid such as milk, soymilk, rice milk, cream or yogurt. Honey can be used if the child is over the age of 12 months. Call your poison control center and/or seek immediate medical emergency help.

    3. Do not use peppermint or any essential oil that is rich in menthol on or near the throat and chest area of babies and children that are younger than 2 1/2 years or 30 months of age. This could potentially cause laryngeal spasms.

    4 .Always check to see if the essential oil, or essential oil blend, is safe for use on infants and children.

    5. The bottom of the feet is the safest and most effective place to test and use essential oils on infants and children.

    Essential Oil Safety for Allergies

    1.Do a skin test of the essential oil if you are using it on a person for the first time. The soles of the feet are the safest place to test, especially if the person has known allergies or sensitivities. Inside of arm above the elbow is another place.

    2. Always ask about allergies. People with allergies need to be extra cautious when using essential oils. Allergic reactions can happen with oils just as they do with food. Those with asthma, hives, or eczema, have a greater chance for an allergic reaction. This does not mean that oils should not be used but to proceed slower and with greater caution. Test on the soles of the feet where there is less likely to be a reaction.

    3.A person with respiratory allergies should not breathe in the air that is released close to a diffuser. Maintain a safe but reasonable distance.

    4.Do not apply oils topically to the nose, throat or chest area of a person with allergies. Use oils topically on the bottom of the feet only. Slow, cautious, exposure is recommended.

    Essential Oil Safety for Pregnant or Nursing Women

    Consult with a health care profession before using essential oils

    1. If you are pregnant or nursing, consult with your health care professional before using essential oils. Be especially mindful to avoid oils with hormone-like activity, such as clary sage, sage, Idaho tansy, and fennel.

    Essential Oil Safety for Epileptics and People with High Blood Pressure

    Consult with a health care profession before using essential oils

    1. Avoid sage, rosemary, hyssop, and fennel.


    Special Tips for Massage Therapists

    1. Prolonged exposure to essential oils can cause headaches, nausea and a general feeling of uneasiness; ensure adequate ventilation, drink plenty of water and take frequent breaks
    2. Do not operate a motorized vehicle (or allow a client to do so) immediately following a relaxation treatment or after using soporific oils such as clary or sage
    3. If a given essential oil is used daily over two weeks, allow one week of rest before continuing use
    4. Vary oils to reduce the chance of acquiring a sensitivity reaction
    5. Avoid sensitizing oils if hands become sore or cracked

    Environmental Safety

    Did you know that some essential oils are so potent that their spills must be handled as if they are hazardous? That's right. Take tea tree oil, for example. If it spills, it cannot be allowed to enter a sewer or waterway. It should be absorbed with inert material and sealed in a container. Then the container must be disposed of as if it were a hazardous waste in accordance with local, state or federal laws.

    Such information is included on the Material Safety Data Sheet for every essential oil. These sheets are particularly helpful for essential oil suppliers to store and handle essential oils, as required by the Chemicals Hazard Information and Packaging for Supply Regulations. The MSDS includes important information such as flammability and chemical composition. Mountain Rose Herbs can supply an MSDS for any essential oil we stock upon request.

    Each sheet contains Risk Numbers and Safety Numbers. For example, tea tree oil possesses these Risk Numbers:

    R10 - flammable
    R22 - harmful if swallowed
    R38 - irritating to the skin

    These Risk Numbers enable the purchaser to take applicable precautions when using the oil, and help ensure personal safety and environmental safety. Here are some sample risk numbers designed to protect our environment:

    R51 : Toxic to aquatic organisms
    R54 : Toxic to flora
    R55 : Toxic to fauna
    R58 : May cause long-term adverse effects in the environment
    R59 : Dangerous to the ozone layer

    The Safety Numbers list precautions for storage, disposal and handling. Here are a few sample Safety Numbers:

    S29 : Do not empty into drains
    S35 : This material and its container must be disposed of in a safe way
    S37 : Wear suitable gloves
    S38 : In case of insufficient ventilation, wear suitable respiratory equipment
    S41 : In case of fire and/or explosion, do not breathe fumes

    So if you have essential oil that has expired, or if you have a large spill, don't wash it down the drain or flush it down the toilet! You could contaminate underground drinking water aquifers, which is of immediate concern to households that rely on wells.

    Most MSDS sheets for essential oils comply with local, state or federal laws for disposal--so be ready to call the waste department of your state environmental agency.

    Links to more information about essential oil safety

    Aroma Therapy and Essential Oils (PD®)
    List of Hazardous Essential Oils
    Essential Oil Savety
    FAQ on the Aroma Therapy Safety
    FDA Poisonous Plants Database
    FDA Aromatherapy

    National Association for Holistic Aromatherapy (NAHA)
    Alliance of International Aromatherapists
    International Federation of Aromatherapists
    Canadian Federation of Aromatherapists

    Hazardous Essential Oils
    The following essential oils present risks of toxicity, skin irritation and/or skin sensitization and should not be used by individual's; only by fully qualified aromatherapists.

    Almond (Bitter)
    (Prunus Amygdalus (Batsch) var. Amara)

    Boldo Leaf
    (Peumus Boldus (Mol)

    (Juniperus Oxycedrus)

    (Acorus Calamus)

    Camphor (Yellow)
    (Cinnamomum Camphora Sieb)

    Camphor (Brown)
    (Cinnamomum Camphora)

    (Cinnamomum Cassia)

    Cinnamon (Bark)
    (Cinnamomum Zeylanicum)

    Clove Bud
    (Eugenia caryophyllata Syn. Syzygium Aroomaticum)

    Clove Leaf
    (Eugenia Carophyllata Syn. Syzygium Aroomaticum)

    Clove Stem
    (Eugenia Caryophyllata Syn. Syzygium aroomaticum)

    (Saussurea Lappa)

    (Croton Tiglium)

    Elecampane (Alant root)
    (Inula Helenium)

    Fennel (Bitter)
    (Foeniculum Vulgare)

    Fig leaf   
    (Ficus Carica)

    (Armoracia Rusticana)

    Jaborandi Leaf    
    (Pilocarpus Jaborandi)

    Mugwort (Armoise)
    (Artemisia Vulgaris)

    (Brassica Nigra)


    Opopanax / Opoponax  
    (Commiphora Erythrea var. Glabrescens Engler)

    (Origanum Vulgare)

    Origanum (Spanish)
    (Thymus Capiatus)

    (Mentha Pulegium)

    Peru Balsam
    (Myroxylon Balsamum var. Pereirae)

    Pine (Dwarf) / Pumilio
    (Pinus Mugo (Turra) var Pumilio)

    (Ruta Graveolens)

    (Sassafras Albidum)

    Sassafras (Brazillian)
    (Ocotea Cymbarum)

    (Juniperus Sabina)

    (Artemisia Abrotanum)

    (Tagetes Patula)

    (Tamacetum Vulgare)

    Thuja (Cedar leaf)
    (Thuja Occidentalis)

    Thuja (Western Red Cedar)
    (Thuja Plicata)

    Tolu Balsam
    (Myroxylon Balsamum)

    (Dipteryx Odorata)

    (Gaultheria Procumbens)

    (Dysphania ambrosioides (Chenopodium Ambrosioides – old name)

    (Artemisia Absinthium)


    How to Clean Up Spilled Aroma Oils
    Aroma oils are used to make homemade perfumes, bath salts, candles and other relaxation and beauty products. When working with these potent oils, spillage can occur. Cleaning up spills immediately ensures that the oils don't damage surfaces with which they came into contact.

    Here's how you clean up spilled aroma oils:

    Things you'll need
    • Vegetable oil
    • Towels
    • Mild hand soap
    • White vinegar
    • Dish soap
    • Spray bottle
    • Pre-laundry stain remover
    • Laundry detergent


    Cover the spill with vegetable oil and wipe away all oil with a clean towel. This prevents the aroma oils from seeping into your skin.

    Repeat step 1 three times, using a clean area of the towel each time to thoroughly remove the oils.

    Wash the area on your skin with mild hand soap and water three times.
    If you can still smell the aroma oils, rinse the area with white vinegar.
    Wait five minutes and rinse with water.

    Soak up aroma oils immediately with a clean towel.
    Mix 2 parts dish soap and 1 part warm water in a spray bottle.
    Spritz the area thoroughly with the mixture and let sit for one minute.
    Wipe up with a clean towel.
      Hard Surfaces

    Repeat step 1 two times, using a clean area of the towel each time to thoroughly remove the oils.
    Rinse with water and wipe with a clean area of the towel to remove any soapy residue

    Pour white vinegar on the area and let sit for five minutes.
    Wipe up the vinegar with a clean towel.
    Repeat this step to help soak up aroma oils and prevent scents from setting.

    Run the fabric under cool water for two minutes to push out oils and prevent them from infiltrating the fabric fibers.
    Spray a pre-laundry stain remover on the stain and wash fabric as directed with laundry detergent.
    9. Repeat step 2 if fabric still smells of aroma oils. Dry as usual once smell has lifted.

    Tips & Warnings
    4. Tips & Tricks
    How To Apply Perfume Properly
    Applying Perfume: Perfumes and Fragrances for Women
    How To Make Your Perfume Last Longer During The Day
    Quick Tips
    Applying Cologne: Application of Men's or Women's Cologne Spray
    How To Use Pheromone Oil to Attract Men
    Your Fragrance Wardrobe

    How To Apply Perfume Properly
    There are two things that dominate outcomes. These are the concept of right and wrong. Even the simplest acts can produce magnified effects. This is especially true when it comes to bodily enhancements.

    Get your money's worth by using these guidelines on proper perfume application.

    • Know your skin. Since your integument is the one that usually comes in contact with various fragrances it is only fitting that it has the privilege to dictate the frequency of application. An oily skin will save you from added application sessions as such quality will lead to longer scent adhesion. Dry skin, on the other hand, demands that you have an understanding of limitations associated with reapplication. Such skin type contributes to hasty scent elimination.
    • Follow your pulse. Pressure points on your body are good housing spots for your favorite perfume. Go for anatomical areas like your wrists, the surface behind your elbows, behind your ears, the base of your throat, surfaces around your ankle, lateral portions of your neck, and the surface between your breasts. Make it a point to spray or dab little amounts on these parts particularly when you are using strong spirits.
    • Move away from destructive chemical reactions. This can occur if you carelessly wear perfume on body parts that are also in contact with metallic accessories like watches, bracelets and necklaces. The processes that can take place can compromise the integrity of your skin and the quality of your belongings.
    • Rely on great product combinations. Innovative manufacturers have created shower gels, lotions, and perfumes that effectively interact to bring about longer lasting scents. Kick things off in the shower. After drying accordingly apply the lotion. At this point the fragrance has attached to your skin like glue. It is then the perfume's function to ensure that your desired scent stays within your body's perimeter.
    • Climate is a strong influence. The extensive drop of temperatures during winter allows you to wear heavy amounts of perfume without giving a friend or relative a reason to sneeze. When summer enters the picture you need to tone down perfume levels. By doing so, people around you will be attracted to the right kind of smell.
    • No entry zones for perfume. Your hair is not a good place to spray perfume. If you do so, oil levels will be disrupted causing damage. Don't attempt to grace your clothes with your favorite scent as this can bring about staining.
    • Let your perfume flow freely. The air is an important agent in maintaining the scent strength of your perfume. A good practice is to apply it on both the inner and outer surfaces of your hand so that the fragrance diffuses outwards. This is a good move when you are part of a major event or gathering. Another technique that you can rely on is spraying your perfume in an open area then walking past this space while ensuring that you capture ample amounts of perfume particle. This one demands frequent practice. Once you get the hang of it you'll reap the rewards of smelling fresher than ever.

    The choice of perfume gives out a hint of your personality. This is why you should be keen in adhering to external trends and suggestions.

    Applying Perfume: Perfumes and Fragrances for Women
    Learn the Best Places to Use Perfume Spray for a Lasting Scent

    None of us femmes want to be like the woman we passed on the street the other day: the one who was wearing so much perfume that you had to stop and take a few deep breaths before continuing on. She obviously didn't know how to apply perfume the right way. Don't worry--it is possible to wear perfume and not induce others around you to wear gas masks. 
    Here are some basic tips to follow when applying perfume or a designer fragrance:
    1. Whether it be a solid, perfume spray, or lotion, apply your perfume before you put on any clothing or jewelry. Some perfumes and fragrances will leave permanent stains on fabrics, metals, and pearls.
    2. Apply the perfume lightly to the body's pulse points: Wrists, base of the throat, behind the ear lobes, the bend in your elbows, and between the breasts.
    3. Do not dab your wrists together after applying perfume fragrances--this breaks down the scent.
    4. We all know that body heat rises, so apply perfume to the back of your knees to leave a lasting impression.
    5. Only apply fragrance to your hair if it is freshly washed. If not, the natural oil in your hair will change the scent of the perfume. To add fragrance to your tresses, spray your hair once or twice from a distance of at least 8 inches. Another option is to spray some of the perfume in your hands and then disperse it through your hair. Do not spray your hairbrush or comb; this will leave the scent attached to it and affect any other scents your spray into your hair.
    6. If you have fair or dry skin, your perfume is going to wear off faster than for those with oily or darker skin. This simply means that you might need to give yourself one or two perfume sprays of your favorite scent during your lunch break.
    7. Vary the fragrances that you use from time to time. It has been medically proven that scents have a strong effect on our emotions and mindset. Don't feel inhibited about trying new and different perfumes every 3-4 months, or along with the changes of the seasons.
    To keep your scent as true as the first day you bought it, place it in an airtight plastic container and store it in the fridge between uses. By doing so, you slow the process of oxidation, which breaks down the scent. This is especially useful during those hot, bright and humid months.

    How To Make Your Perfume Last Longer During The Day

    First impressions do not only consist of appearances. Scents and the sense of smell are among the most under-appreciated but powerful senses of the body, which can aid in memory recall and which can help create an atmosphere conducive for meeting and interacting with people. If you have a signature scent and if you want your perfume to last longer during the day, here's how you can maximize each drop of perfume that you use.
    1. Lotion. Start by using lotions that are manufactured by the same company that produces your perfume. Plenty of cosmetic companies have perfume lines that start with the bath soap up to the lotion. These similarly scented products will work perfectly with your perfume, and will not neutralize the perfume that you will use. These are usually available in packages or sets, which will also allow you to save up on money. By using products from the same company and same product line, you will be able to create scent layers that will last longer in the day.
    2. Pressure points. When applying the perfume onto your skin, be sure that you dab or spray the perfume on your pressure points. The usual pressure points in the body are behind the knees, behind the ears, in the wrists, near the neck, and in the crook of the elbow. Generally, pulse points make for good areas for applying perfume. These points in the body are generally warmer than the rest of the body, and will exude the scent better. Parfum. Perfumes come in two generally types. There are the eau de toilette perfumes and the parfums. Generally, you should invest in parfums, which are made with higher concentrations of the essential oils which make up the scent. These will cling better to your skin and clothing and will last longer in the day. Although these are more expensive than the eau de toilettes, they are investments for people who care about their scents. You will also need to apply less of the parfum than you would apply when using eau de toilettes.
    3. Air spraying. One of the best methods for applying the perfume into your clothes is by spraying the perfume in the air and then stepping into the area with the scented air. This will help the particles of perfume cling better to your body. As much as possible, however, you should spray the perfumes directly into your pulse points, since the scent will travel anyway from the pulse points to the clothes.
    4. Hand washing . When washing your hands, it is best to use soaps that have neutral or very mild scents which will not cling to your skin and which will not interfere with the scents from your perfume. Also be careful to avoid the wrists where you have sprayed the perfume.

    Be sure to bring in a small bottle of perfume in your purse or bag whenever you travel, or if you will be out for the entire day and night. This will allow you to retouch and reapply the perfume whenever necessary.

    Quick Tips

    How to Store

    Wherever possible, bottles should be stored in a cool dark place. The cooler the temperature, the longer the smell will remain true. Keep out of direct sunlight and store in the box if possible. If you have two bottles the same, try to keep one sealed until you have finished the other.

    What the Experts say
    “If stored correctly your bottle can last up to two years”

    How to Wear

    Wearing a perfume on your pulse points or where the body is naturally warmer will increase the reaction time of the perfume and its the intensity.

    • Wrist
    • Crook of your arm
    • Behind the knees
    • Behind the ears

    Perfume should be sprayed about 20cm from the body.
    This allows the perfume to become a mist and absorb into the skin better. Spraying too close to your body may prevent the perfume from drying naturally to release its various different notes.

    Don't Rub It!

    The most common error that people make when they put scent on is to rub their wrists together. Rubbing the perfume causes the different delicate notes to bruise together. Also rubbing removes the top notes causing the perfume to smell different

    Hair Spray

    For a lovely overall layer of perfume, spray the bottle up into the air at arms length - then walk into the scented cloud.

    Special Occasions

    Using two or more products from the same perfume range will increase the length of time that the smell stays true on the skin.

    What the Experts say
    “Spraying your perfume into your hair will cause the scent to be released at intervals throughout the day as you brush your hair or move”

    Follow these rules for maximum staying power perfumes:

    1. Start with a body wash or shower gel
    2. Then use a body lotion or cream whilst the body is still damp
    3. A quick all round use of EDT
    4. Then some key applications of perfume on your pulse points

    For Men – Aftershave or EDT

    EDT should not be sprayed on the face just on the neck and body. Aftershaves and aftershave balms should be used on the face.

    How many milliliters are in an ounce?

    Here is a quick conversion chart:

    100 ml = 3.3 or 3.4 oz
    50 ml = 1.7 oz
    30 ml = 1 oz
    15 ml = 1/2 oz
    10 ml = 1/3 oz
    7.5 ml = 1/4 oz
    5 ml = 1/6 oz
    3.7 ml = 1/8 oz = 1 dram

    Note that all of these are approximate; strictly speaking, 1/2 oz is 14.787 ml.

    A standard perfume sample is in a 1/32 oz (1 ml) vial.

    Applying Cologne: Application of Men's or Women's Cologne Spray
    Learn the Proper Way to Apply Perfume and Cologne to Get the Maximum Benefit

    Cologne is an item commonly found in most medicine cabinets alongside toothpaste and aspirin. Even though it is a frequently purchased item, some consumers are still confused about what brand of cologne, perfumes or fragrances to buy and how to apply it.

    Before purchasing cologne, make sure you have picked a scent that suits you. Don't simply rely on suggestions from friends to choose and buy fragrances . What works for one individual, might not work for another. Keep in mind that the intensity of a scent changes in response to your body heat. So, consider changing your cologne with the season just as you do with your wardrobe. Another helpful hint is to sample cologne before purchasing it. Stop by the fragrance counter at your local department store and sample different brands. Come back on a future visit to actually purchase your cologne. After leaving the store, you might realize that you are not quite as fond of a cologne as you were when you were in close proximity to scents from dozens of other brands and glaring department store lights.

    There are several tips that are helpful to keep in mind when applying cologne:

    1. Apply cologne spray sparingly, not liberally. The age-old maxim "less is more" is certainly true when wearing cologne. Anything more than a few quick sprays, and you risk nauseating anyone who walks within ten feet of you. If you have a traditional bottle of cologne without a spray nozzle, simply place your finger over the opened bottle and tip it over to wet your finger. Apply this cologne evenly to the desired areas but don't exceed more than two finger applications.
    2. Learn how to apply cologne to your pulse points: wrists, neck, and behind the ears. Your skin gives off more heat at these areas because the underlying blood vessels are closest to the skin at these points.
    3. Avoid the temptation to spray cologne directly on clothing since it is possible to stain the garment. This is especially aimed at females who traditionally squirt women's cologne directly on their outfits.
    4. If you use aftershave , do not use a different brand of men's cologne. It is okay to layer scents as long as they are the same brand. Layering scents would consist of using the same brand of lotion and shower gel as your cologne. The overall effect is subtle because of the layering quality.
    5. If you apply cologne before work, you can reapply it during the afternoon. Many cologne scents tend to last all day, though. Your skin's acidity level along with the oils that the cologne contains impact how long the scent will last.
    6. Remember shelf life. Label your cologne on the day you purchase it. If you have a bottle of cologne and you are not sure how long you have had it, contact the manufacturer. They can provide you with instructions for deciphering information on the bottle if an expiration date is not clearly identified. Keep in mind that cologne typically has a shelf life of 3-5 years. Resist the urge to use it longer than this time frame. Chances are if you still have a nearly full cologne bottle after 5 years, you probably didn't like the scent very much anyway.
    • Cologne typically has a shelf life of 3 to 5 years. Don't use it beyond the recommended shelf life.
    Quick Tips:
    • Apply cologne sparingly.
    • Apply cologne to your pulse points.

    How To Use Pheromone Oil to Attract Men

    For single ladies, it is hard to find the right love with the right man. Sure you can try to go out in clubs and bars and look your best but what does it hurt to enlist the help of some enhancements to make things go your way. There is an oil called Pheromone that is proven to be a good assistance in attracting the opposite sex. It is known to have an overpowering scent that is mainly used for seduction purposes. It is almost telepathic and arouses the male by the scent the Pheromone oil is emitting from the important pulse points in your body. You should understand though, thatPheromone oil only aides you in your conquest for the right man. Since the scent is not naturally yours, you should be aware that you may only end up having sex but do not dismiss the possibility that you may find that long term relationship too.

    Here is how to use Pheromone oil to attract the man of your dreams:
    • Buy the Pheromone oil from a store that sells these kinds of oil. There are some that sell them online. Once you got your Pheromone oil, try to go “scentless” or “odorless.” What this means is to not to use too much fragrance on your body and clothing that it may hide the scent of the Pheromone oil. If you should use perfume, use only one fragrance and refrain from using heavily perfumed clothing conditioners or fabric conditioners and laundry detergents .
    • Be sure you know where to apply the Pheromone oil or perfume on your body. These “points” should be at the pulse points like on your wrists, behind your ears and the back of your knees. Remember to dab sparingly and do not bathe yourself in Pheromone oil. If you put some at the back of your knees, there is no need to put some on the folds of your arms. Dab the Pheromone oil in one of those two locations at a time only.
    • Of course your appearance will enhance your over-all aura. Make sure you are presentable and you know how to be around people. Even though you are wearing Pheromone oil, you still need to brush up with those people skills and conversation skills to help you get the right man. If you are not a naturally born conversationalist, take short courses of how to converse with people to give your people skills a boost. Just remember to make sure you are comfortable speaking with a guy before taking any step further. Your safety should always come first.
    • Find a crowd that looks interesting. Clubs and bars are filled with single men . You can go to these places and put that Pheromone oil to work. Do not expect to have the Pheromone oil to work by itself, you have to work for it too. Your body language should work to your advantage. Sit down casually crossed legs with your toes discreetly pointing towards the guy to signal him that he can talk to you.


    Always remember that the wonders of these “attraction” oil works only to stimulate the sexual senses. You might not be naturally attracted to a guy even if he is handsome. Let your instinct work its way to find the guy of your preference, it may be the start of a good relationship.

    Also read:
    How To Find Perfumes that Contain Human Pheromone
    How To Find the Best Pheromone Reviews
    How To Make Natural Pheromones

    Your Fragrance Wardrobe

    What Is A Fragrance Wardrobe?

    The idea of a fragrance wardrobe is a recent phenomenon. Just as we all have different outfits in our wardrobes for different days so people have begun having different perfumes and aftershaves for different occasions.
    Here is how to build your own fragrance wardrobe.

    • Seasonal Wardrobes: Do you have a Summer & Winter wardrobe? Exactly like fashion, the perfume/aftershave seasons are Autumn/Winter & Spring/Summer. During Spring/Summer - scents with Floral, Fruity, Aquatic or Citrus notes are popular. For Autumn/Winter more Oriental, Spicy or Woody work best.
    • Every Day Wear: These are perfumes or aftershaves which are most suited to being worn during the day.
    • Eveningwear: Slightly stronger fragrances which make more of an impact and perfectly compliment more relaxed post-work activities.
    • Summer Fragrance: Treat yourself to a new summer fragrance before going on holiday. Most women have a winter fragrance wardrobe and a summer one. Many perfume houses now make a summer version of their normal fragrance which is usually very similar to the original but with one or two more summery ingredients added.
    • Special Occasions: If you have spent time choosing a specific outfit for a special occasion then why not have a special scent to go with it?

    What the Experts say
    “smell can help you remember special events in your life. This is called olfactive memory”

    A perfume shouldn't dominate its surroundings but can add the finishing touch to a special outfit. This is particularly true at weddings. Brides often choose a new fragrance for their big day so that in years to come they can recall how they felt n the day by simply smelling the perfume.

    Your Fragrance Wardrobe

    • Capsule Closet: The most versatile Capsule Closet contains just three bottles;
      A light EDT for Everyday Wear A more intense, possibly EDP for Eveningwear And a Special Occasion scent
    • Freestanding Furniture: The most popular perfume wardrobe comprises;
      The same fragrances as the Capsule Closet, Everyday Wear, Eveningwear and Special Occasion with the addition of A Summer fragrance to cool and refresh on hot days A second Everyday Wear bottle for important meetings or travelling
    • Made-to-Measure: If you adore perfume and like to have a wide choice of what to wear then a Made-to-Measure Wardrobe can expand to suit your needs. With two different fragrances for both Everyday Wear and Eveningwear, a Summer and Special Occasion Scent, the Made-to-Measure wardrobe may also contain a Celebrity Scent and Recent Launch.
    • Walk in Wardrobe: If you are a complete fragrance connoisseur then only a Walk in Wardrobe will suffice.
      With numerous fragrances for day, night, occasions, seasons or just to remind them of a specific memory this is the wardrobe of excellence!


    5. How to Find Perfume Samples
    How To Find Perfume Samples
    How To Find Designer Perfume Samples
    How To Get Free Perfume Samples Delivered
    Free Perfume Samples
    Perfume Websites ABC

    How to Find Perfume Samples
    If you love perfume, you know that purchasing a bottle is an investment. A good bottle of perfume lasts several months or up to two years, depending on your consumption. However, you must know that before you spend the money to buy a bottle, you need to make sure that the scent you have chosen complements your body chemistry.

    No two people will wear the same fragrance exactly the same way, so getting a sample and trying out the scent is the best way to know how a particular scent will agree with you. Getting a spritz at the perfume counter at the department store may not always work, since the scent usually wears off after a while. It's best to wear a sample throughout the day, to see how it works for you. Here's how to find perfume samples.
    • Be bold and ask for one . Go to the cosmetic counter of the manufacturer of the perfume and ask for a free sample vial. These samples are kept under the display counter, and you have to specifically ask for it to get one. The best places to get free samples are Sephora and Nordstrom. You can get a carded sample of the perfume at these places, including Neiman Marcus and Bloomingdales. However, Sephora and Nordstrom go the extra mile and can give a sample in either a small glass vial or plastic atomizer. Consider bringing your own container so that the sales person can transfer some of the perfume to your container.
    • Make a purchase . If the cosmetic also makes other beauty products, the sales merchandiser is more likely to hand you a free sample if you purchase other products. If you purchase a new tube of lipstick or a jar of anti-aging cream, be bold and ask if there are other freebie samples she can hand out to you.
    • Go online . The Internet is another great resource to getting a sample of perfume. Go directly to a company website and see if the company can mail you a free sample. Other times, you may be able to download a free coupon to show the cosmetic counter so you can get a freebie. There are also some websites that sell and distribute perfumes that can be resources for samples for a minimal fee. Act of Perfumery and Sonoma Scent Studio are some place you can try. You can also try purchasing samples of fragrances on eBay.
    • Go outlet shopping . If it's a designer fragrance you want, try the outlet store. Aside from the clothes and accessories, the outlet store may carry small sample vials. You can also try perfumery stores. However, you may have to pay for a small sample. Consider this better than spending over $50 for a scent you won't end up liking anyway.
    • Get a gift with purchase . Estee Lauder, Clinique and other major cosmetic companies have bi-annual gift with purchase sales. Oftentimes, there is a small vial of sample perfume included in the gift pack.
    • Get a sample when the perfume is launched . Manufacturers spend money to give away samples of a new scent. Be at the department store when a scent is first launched, or a few weeks within the product launch. You're more likely to get a free sample this way.
    If you do your research, you'll find what you're looking for. If you've tried all other avenues, you may want to get a sample from a friend who already has the perfume. Samples are readily available. Be patient and know where to look.

    How To Find Designer Perfume Samples
    Designers offer a range of perfume sprays. These perfumes might be too costly to purchase for some people. The best thing to do before purchasing a full bottle of those perfumes is to try it out first. You can do this by getting or purchasing a designer perfume sample to test if you like the scent. Once you have tried wearing the perfume, you can purchase the perfume in the scent of your choice. Follow the tips below to know where you can find designer perfume samples.

    Here are some of the tips that you can follow if you want to find designer perfume samples:
    • Department stores. Check local department stores near your area. Find the perfume stalls of designers and see if they give out free samples of the perfume. They usually give out free vials of the perfume. The best time to do this is when a designer comes out with a new fragrance. They will give you vials of the perfume as a promotional strategy. If they do not give free samples, you might need to purchase an item first so that you can get a perfume sample as a giveaway.
    • Auction websites. Visit auction websites and search for perfume samples. One of the best websites that you can check out is eBay. Search for designer perfume samples and see if they have the fragrance that you are looking for. These auctions sites sell perfume samples for a cheaper price. Just make sure that the perfume sample you are going to purchase is an authentic design.
    • Fragrance Net. Visit the website . This is a website where you will be able to find perfume samples bottles of different types of signature perfumes. Go to the ‘Women's Perfume' tab on top of the page. There is a list on the side bar. Look for the designer perfume of your choice. They have Versace, Gucci, Dior, and many more. You will also be able to view a description of the fragrance.
    • Perfumezilla. Perfumezilla is another website that you can visit in order to find designer perfume samples. Go to the webpage to see the list of the designer perfume samples that they offer. You can purchase these designer perfume samples for less than $3.00.

    These are some of the tips that you can use if you want to find designer perfume samples. This is a good thing to do so that you can test the perfume first before you purchase an entire perfume bottle . There are many other designer perfume brands that are available on the websites listed above. You can purchase several perfume samples so that you can have many different choices and see which perfume works best for you're your everyday use or for special occasions. Visit the designer website to learn about upcoming fragrances that they have.

    How to Get Free Perfume Samples Delivered
    There are many ways of getting a free perfume sample. One way is through the perfume sampler pages on magazines. When a perfume maker launches a new scent, they usually concentrate a part of the page where their perfume is advertised with its scent. In this way, you can rub your wrist on that part of the page and smell its scent. Another way of getting a free perfume sample is through perfume stores at malls. Perfume stores have perfume bottles specifically used as perfume testers so that customers can try the different scents they're offering. Although these two methods of getting free perfume samples give you a wisp of how a perfume smells before you decide to buy it, it doesn't give you enough experience of the smell.

    Sampler pages on magazines can only last for a little while, and the scent of the perfume can sometimes get mixed with the scent of the magazine. Smelling perfume testers, meanwhile, doesn't give you enough time to let each scent set in because you usually attempt to smell as many as you can in a period of time. In the end you get scent fatigue, a condition wherein you can't distinguish the different scents from each other anymore.

    The best way of getting a free perfume sample is to get it delivered to your doorstep. By doing this, the scent of the perfume is not compromised and you have all the time to bask in each of the scent. To get a free perfume sample delivered to your house, follow the tips below:  

    • Free samples websites . You may not know it, but there's several websites who review and give links to websites offering free samples of perfumes. Type in “free perfume samples” on your search engine and you're in for a surprise to the number of free samples websites. Visit one of these websites and read their reviews on the websites offering free perfume samples. After reading the reviews, choose the ones with good reviews. When selecting a website to get free samples from, consider its delivery time and shipping fee amount, if there's any.
    • Online websites of perfume brands . If you have a particular brand in mind that you want to try, go directly to its website to get a free perfume sample. Perfume brands usually advertise their newest collection on their website by offering to have a sample of it delivered to your house. To go to the website of the brand you want to try, type in your search engine the name of the brand, or if you know the brand's website address, type it in your web browser. Browse the brand's website for the area where you can get samples. Fill in your name, address, and other necessary information.
    • Email the perfume brand . You can also get free perfume samples by expressing to the perfume brand your interest of receiving a sample from them. You can do this by sending them an email. You can get their email address from their website, or you can also try searching for it on the Internet. If you frequently buy from this brand, tell them your experience with their perfumes and surely they'll be more than happy to give you a free sample.

    If you happen to shop online at Sephora ( ), take advantage of the free packages that they're offering. Depending on what you've purchased, Sephora will give you different types of free samples to choose from. If you love wearing perfumes, choose the sample of perfumes to go with your purchase.

    Perfumes, especially branded ones, are expensive. Because of this, it is wise to get a free sample of a perfume and test how it smells first before actually buying a whole bottle of the perfume.

    Free Perfume Samples

    Below are some direct links to free perfume samples, when available choose your fragance sample, fill in the form and you will get them send to you

    Bruno Banani
    Calvin Klein
    Daisy Marc Jacobs
    Fleur (only USA)
    Hugo Boss | Sample Tracker
    James Bond 007
    Jean Paul Gaultier Le Male Eau de Toilette?
    Lacoste | Sample Tracker
    Lancome La Vie En Belle
    212VIP Men
    Paco Rabanne
    Signature Scent
    True Reflection
    Vázquez & Rincón - Tropical Breeze
    Victorinox- Swiss Army

    Sephora Free Birthday Gifts
    Daily Free Samples Calendar

    How many milliliters are in an ounce?

    Here is a quick conversion chart:

    100 ml = 3.3 or 3.4 oz
    50 ml = 1.7 oz
    30 ml = 1 oz
    15 ml = 1/2 oz
    10 ml = 1/3 oz
    7.5 ml = 1/4 oz
    5 ml = 1/6 oz
    3.7 ml = 1/8 oz = 1 dram

    Note that all of these are approximate; strictly speaking, 1/2 oz is 14.787 ml.

    A standard perfume sample is in a 1/32 oz (1 ml) vial.

    Designer Perfume Websites ABC


    Antonio Banderas

    Biotherm Men
    Britney Spears
    Bruno Banani
    Beyonce Pulse Perfume

    Calvin Klein
    Carolina Herrera
    Celine Dion
    Christian Dior
    Christina Aquillera

    Daisy Marc Jacobs
    Dolce & Gabanna
    Elizabeth Arden
    Frederic Malle
    Estée Lauder
    Estee Lauder Companies

    Gorgio Armani

    Hermes Paris
    Hugo Boss



    James Bond 007
    Jean Paul Gaultier
    Jennifer Lopez
    Jill Sander
    Justin Bieber
    Kate Moss
    Lancome Paris

    Marc Jacobs
    Mariah Carey

    Narciso Rodriquez
    Nicole Miller

    Oscar de la Renta


    Paco Rabanne
      Ralph Lauren

    Signature Scent
    Swiss Army

    212VIP Men
    Thierry Mugler
    Tommy Hilfiger



    Vázquez & Rincón
    Victor & Rolf
    Victoria's Secret

    Yves Saint Laurent




    6. Jargon Buster
    Word list
      Use this handy jargon buster to help you understand the world of fragrance and its unique language, click on the subject to read more

      Aftershave is usually found in splash on form rather than spray, which makes it easier to apply to the face. It is a fragrance containing a small percentage of alcohol which closes the pores and stimulates the skin so is perfect for the face. It lasts approximately 3 hours.
      AfterShave Balm: Aftershave balm is a gentle treatment for the face with no alcohol and contains moisturising ingredients so can be soothing and calming after shaving.
      Base Notes: The lasting smell you get after a fragrance has settled on your skin.
      Body Notes: Also known as the heart or middle notes of the fragrance: this is the perfume's dominant scent.
      BodyLines: Include shower gels, body lotions, balms, soaps and talcs developed to smell exactly like the perfume to allow for layering. See Layering.
      Carrier oil, base oil, and diluents are vegetal (- usually mechanically pressed from seeds, nuts of plants, trees etc.), and are represented by fixed oils such as almond, coconut, jojoba and sunflower etc.
      Citrus: Fresh and fruity, bursting with crisp and zesty essences like lemons, limes and oranges.
      Classic: A fragrance that has been popular for many years and is widely loved by generation after generation.
      Eau de Parfum (EDP): EDP is stronger than eau de toilette (EDT) and usually lasts between 3 and 5 hours in the skin. Great if you don't want to reapply throughout the day.
      Eau de Toilette (EDT): EDT is the most wearable of all fragrance types and also the least expensive. It is usually in spray form and last between 2 to 4 hours on the skin. Ideal for everyday use. It is not recommended for men to use EDT on their faces as it can be harsh on facial skin.
      Essential Oil:
      Floral: Flower based perfumes. The height of femininity with flowers such as roses, lily of the valley or blossom accords.
      Fragrance Family: The fragrance families are Floral, Oriental, Woody, Fresh; each perfume belongs to a fragrance family.
      Fragrance Notes
      Fragrance Oil
      Fragrance Wheel
      Fresh Aquatic: Refreshing, invigorating scents with green aquatic notes
      Fruity: full of ripe, fresh edible fruit notes.
      Heart: middle notes of the fragrance: this is the perfume's dominant scent.
      Juice: This is the word used by the fragrance industry to describe the actual liquid perfume.
      Layering: Using various different scented products to build up layers of scent e.g. shower gel, then deodorant, then body lotion then perfume. Layering makes a fragrance last longer as it adds another 'layer' of scent to the skin.
      Middle notes: Also known as the heart of the fragrance: this is the perfume's dominant scent.
      Notes: This terms has been borrowed by the fragrance industry from music and describes the individual ingredients (notes) that make up a whole fragrance (top note, middle note, base note).
      Oriental: An exotic, sensual and heavy fragrance typically with dry woods, vanilla and musk.
      Product line
      Pure Perfume: Pure perfume is usually found in dab on form as you only need to apply a small amount. Depending on your skin type pure perfume can last for up to 6 hours as it has the highest concentration of perfume oil in it. Pure perfumes are only made in certain brands.
      Spicy: Warm and punchy, enhanced with exotic spices such as clove oil, cinnamon, ginger and lavender.
      Top Notes: The initial burst of smell that you get when you apply a fragrance.
      Volatile oils
      Woody: Warm, earthy and dry containing mossy and leathery notes
    A-Z of Essential Oils

    Angelica Root   ( Archangelica)
    Originally from Africa, this water loving herb can now be found in Europe including the UK.  There are many varieties of Angelica also found in Iceland, it grows nearby to water and rivers, a tall plant with large green pointed leaves and greenish white flowers. Often used in monasteries and know as ‘Angel Grass.‘ Can aid nervous exhaustion and balance the mind, it has a healing effect on the body as it can stimulate the Lymphatic System. Can aid digestion including the Liver and Spleen.  Eases colds and fevers and bronchitis, as well as relieves shortness of breath in nervous asthma and smokers cough, can also restore sense of smell. A tonic for the skin and can remove fungal growths.  Avoid early pregnancy.  Do not use on sensitive skin or in sunlight, not to use if diabetic, no more than 1 per cent.

    Basil  (French Ocimum Basilicum/Sanctum)
    A tender aromatic herb with green leaves and small pink or white flowers, the oil is distilled from the leaves and flower tops, has a sweet green aroma, almost spicy. Grown in places such as France Egypt, Italy, India. An uplifting and mind clearing oil, great for mental fatigue and exhaustion and nervous disorders, or a debilitating illness.  Great tonic for the mind and nerves, can aid respiratory system especially asthma. Calming on the digestive system, cleansing of kidneys and with antiseptic properties. Do not use in excess, caution with sensitive skin and best avoided in pregnancy.

    Benzoin (Styrax Benzoin)
    A tropical tree often found in Asia with pale green leaves, fruit with a hard shell.  The gum is taken from the resin, known as tears from the bark. It has a sweet balsamic smell and blends well with many oils.  Known as ‘Friars Balsam' to aid colds in children , can also help asthma and bronchitis.  A warming & comforting oil especially for those feeling sad, lonely & depressed; Instils confidence. Used as incense to scare off evil spirits, is a protective oil. Can ease aches and pains including arthritis and said to help control sugar levels in the body. Great for cracked skin, on hands and heels, ideal for cut and sore skin, irritation and redness. Best avoided in pregnancy.

    Bergamot (Citrus Bergamia)
    Bergamot trees were originally from Italy and named after the small town where they were originally cultivated.  A small orange fruit too sour to eat, the oil is taken from it's peel, when nearly ripe.  An uplifting oil used for depression, grief & anxiety also can help with anger.  Aids the digestive system can help to regulate the appetite.  An antiseptic for the urinary, useful for cystitis. Excellent insect repellent. Can help with various skin conditions linked with stress such as acne and eczema. Caution is photosensitive so not to be used in sunlight.  Use in small amounts.

    Black Pepper (Piper Nigrum)
    A woody vine with dark green heart shaped leaves, can grow up to 20 feet but generally is cultivated at about 12 ft. The flowers turn into red berries which become the peppercorns, which the oil is distilled from. A hot spicy warm fragrance, great for warming & toning the muscles and body, eases muscular aches and pains. Excellent to use before a sporting event, as a stimulating oil, gives stamina and strengthens the mind, helps with bruising & increases blood flow. Excellent for digestive disorders, especially of the bowl.  Can help to stimulate saliva and the appetite. Use in small amounts and caution on sensitive skin.

    There are 3 known varieties of Chamomile, Roman and German which are quite closely related and a distant relative Maroc. All are part of the Asteraceae family. The commonest being Roman, again like Lavender this essential oil is very versatile and is used widely as a soothing and balancing oil. Particularly good for children and often called 'the children's oil'. It is an excellent anti-inflammatory especially on the skin.

    This evergreen tree was known to be used for purification by ancient civilisations. The word Cypress is derived from Old French ‘cipres', the Greeks used it to carve statues of their gods. It is a balancing oil great to use during times of major upheavals and changes in life, it restores calm and soothes the emotions, particularly helpful with the nervous system for stress related problems related to overwork and anxiety. As well as being balancing it is toning for the skin and urinary system and useful for fluid accumulation such as oedema in the body and for haemorrhoids.

    Cajeput ( myrtaceous tree Melaleuca leucadendra)
    Derived from its Indonesian name ‘kayu putih' or ‘white wood', part of the Melaleuca family, the oil is obtained from the leaves of the tree. Australian Cajeput contains the highest anti-infectious properties, particularly useful the respiratory system for ailments such as colds and throat infections. But also helps accompanying headaches, achy muscles and joints and reducing fever. Because it acts on the circulation it is known for producing a sensation of warmth and quickening of the pulse.

    Derived from an herb it is a gentler member of the spicy essential oils, used by the Romans and Greeks to flavour their wines. The seeds of the plant were found in the tomb of ancient Egyptian Ramesess II. Often the leaves are used as a garnish and as a spice in curries but very useful for settling the digestive system. Good for reviving and stimulating low energy, it helps ease the mind and fight fatigue. It acts as a general cleanser of the body to rid it of toxins and fluid wastes, but can be stupefying in large doses so use in moderation.

    The Atlas variety is endangered so preferable to use Himalayan. An evergreen tree used by the ancient Egyptians for embalming, cosmetics and perfumery, said to act as an aphrodisiac. An ingredient of Mithridat a renowned poison antidote used for centuries. A good building wood its odour acts as a repellent to ants and moths etc. Used as incense by Tibetans in temples, it is grounding and calming helps combat negativity. Not for use in pregnancy.

    DILL (Anethum Graveolens)
    A dark green feathery plant that originated from India with small yellow flowers and tiny fruits it looks a bit like Fennel.  Now often found in the Mediterranean it's different from the Indian.  The name evolves from the Anglo-Saxon Dylle or Dylla.  There is an old Icelandic word Dilla which refers to soothing a child.  Ideal for digestive  disorders especially for children, Dill-water often known as Gripe.  The essential oil is very powerful and should not be used on infants.  Said to aid childbirth and help with the flow of mother's milk.

    Elemi (Carnarium Luzonicum)
    This oil both citrus and spicy oil comes from the resin produced from a tree in the Philippines.  The natural yellow resin appears only when the leaves are out and stops when the last leaf falls.  Often known locally as ‘Manila Elemi', various varieties grow in Brazil & Mexico.  Often used in the 15th Century in many medicinal remedies & pharmaceutical plasters.  Has a grounding yet uplifting & happy effect.  Both calming of the nervous system and a great immuno stimulant for the body, to help the bod fight disease.Can have a good cleansing effect on the body, especially the lungs. Maybe an irritant for sensitive skins.

    Eucalyptus (Blue Gum) Eucalyptus Globulus
    The Australian gum trees can reach into the region of three hundred feet and tend to grow in malarial countries, in various varieties. ‘Eu' and ‘Kalypto' come from the Greek  meaning well and cover, referring to the covered stamens.  Know to the Aborigines as ‘Kino' they bound the leaves to wrap around wounds.  Has a clearing and cooling effect both physically and emotionally.  It's anti-viral works well on the respiratory tract easing inflammation and mucous.  Great for colds, sore throats & fevers.  May reduce the pain of migraine as well as malaria, and other contagious diseases.  May also help with skin infections. A strong oil use with caution and may antidote homeopathic medication.

    Fennel Sweet  (Foeniculum Vulgare)
    A floral, herbal and slightly spicy aroma this oil is from a bushy green plant recognised by it's feathery leaves, it produces oblong fruits.  Found in the Mediterranean, it comes from the latin name ‘ Foenum' meaning ‘hay'.  Both Egyptians and Romans knew it can calm the stomach and it's  anti-toxic properties.  Like Dill it is used in Gripe-water to help infants suffering with Colic.  Known in mediaeval times as ‘Fenkle' to ward off evil spirits.  Can give mental strength and courage.  Cleanses the body, ridding the body of toxins and poisons, especially excess food and alcohol.  Great for hangovers, acts as a tonic to the liver & kidneys, works well on the stomach, easing indigestion, aids cleansing of the intestines.  Also know to aid milk production in nursing mothers. A powerful oil use with caution, may irritate sensitive skin, best avoided in pregnancy and by those suffering with Epilepsy.

    Frankincense (Boswellia Carteri)
    A deep fragrance of wood, spice and a little citrus, this oil originates from a tree found in the Middle East, Iran, Lebanon, Oman, also Ethiopia and China.  A yellow resin comes from the bark of the tree where incisions are made, known as tears, from which the oil is distilled.  ‘Frank' is French for ‘real incense' and is sometimes referred to as Olibanum.  Burnt at alters in Egypt as an offer to the Gods and also used to ward off evil spirits and cleanse the sick.  Used for embalming and in face masks.  Widely used in perfumes, as a fixative.  Slows breathing and so has a calming effect, has a calming yet uplifting effect on the mind.  Can help with cutting links with the past.  Can help to cleanse the lungs, aids respiration and eases shortness of breath, may be a good oil for Asthma sufferers.  Can help with Bronchitis, coughs and colds.  A real tonic to the skin, can help balance oily skin.

    Fir Needle (Silver)
    Synonymously known as Xmas trees in Europe, the essential oil is derived from the twigs and needles. Known for its fragrant scent and mainly used for respiratory system complaints such as coughs, colds and influenza. Also it has uses for fevers, and muscular or rheumatic pain to give some relieve in these areas. Often used as an ingredient in some over the counter cough and cold remedies.

    The essential oil is mainly produced in California and expressed from the fresh peel, it has a fresh, sweet citrus smell. It is high in Vitamin C to protect against infectious illnesses, it is an excellent antitoxin and its tonic qualities stimulate the lymphatic system to boost the immune system. It is also an excellent tonic for the digestive system detoxifying it particularly the liver and also acts as a diuretic which can rid the body of excess fluid which reduces fluid retention. Particularly helpful in stress conditions as it is a lifting oil impacting on the emotions to make people feel fresher and uplifted.

    An aromatic plant with quite a heavy scent, there are over 700 varieties but not all used in essential oil production, Pelargonium Graveolens being the main species used. This oil has a close affinity with the female system in that it acts particularly well in hormonal or gynaecological conditions as it acts on the adrenal cortex to regulate and balance the hormones. It is emotionally lifting in its properties specifically those related to the hormones. In skin care it acts as an astringent and has anti-inflammatory properties and used by the ancients to treat wounds, it also has a diuretic effect on the body so reducing oedema related conditions. It can have an anticoagulant effect in high doses so not advisable to use during pregnancy due to this and also its hormonal links, but wonderful in the post birth period.

    Part of the Zingiber family, Ginger was introduced to Europe via the spice route in the middle ages, then to South America by the Spaniards. In Ayurvedic medicine Ginger is considered a universal medicine for physical and spiritual cleansing. Ginger is described as being warming, stimulating yet calming and settles the stomach so particularly useful to aid the digestion and give relieve form sickness ailments or feelings. This oil is very useful for warming up muscles and joints in rheumatic and arthritic conditions.

    A strong aromatic herb the essential oil is extracted from the fresh flowers, this oil is a rare gem which is often overlooked and forgotten as more common oils are chosen. This is an excellent oil for the respiratory system and also for helping to heal wound inflammation and on scar tissue. It is a good liver cleanser as it relieves congestion and works deep into muscles to relieve aches and pains. Because of its antidepressant properties it is an oil of choice to use at times of stress and stress related conditions as it helps as a tonic which is also good for those suffering from debility and lethargy.

    Jasmine (Jasminium Grandiflorum)
    An exotic, sweet, flowery fragrance, that can be quite heady.  Also known as the ‘King of Oils' these beautiful white flowers are picked at night.  The tree can grow up to 20tf in heigh and the extraction process requires great skill and large amounts of flowers are required to produce the oil.  Found in hotter climates Egypt, Morocco, Italy and France and used in many love and perfume potions. The Moors apparently brought Jasmine to Spain, Jasmine tea is very popular throughout China and the flowers are often used in Indonesian cooking.  An ideal oil to help in childbirth, can speed up delivery.  Calms the nerves and boost confidence, can balance the hormones and and is effective with post-natal-depression. A great all-round female oil.  Can regulate deep breathing an aid to the respiratory system can ease irritating coughs.  Great for dry and sensitive skin.  Not to be used in Pregnancy, only childbirth.  A powerful oil use in low dosage. 

    Juniperberry (Juniperus Communis)
    Clear and refreshing and a little woody this fragrance comes from an evergreen shrub that can grow easily in arctic conditions to a height of 30ft.  Cultivated to six feet it is found in many countries.  The needle like leaves have small yellow flowers with blue/black berries and the oil is distilled from the dried crushed fruit.  Used for many Century's for it's medicinal properties and combatting contagious diseases, Juniper and Rosemary twigs were often burnt in hospitals.  It is also a favourite ingredient in Gin.  Clears the mind, it is a diuretic  and antiseptic, can help Urinary and Kidney problems, ideal for detox, stimulate may help regulate appetite and helps eliminate Uric acid from the body.  A tonic for congested skin.  Best avoided during pregnancy and overuse may stimulate the kidneys and so should not be used with severe Kidney disease.

    A highly aromatic plant, available from several different sources/countries each with its own unique signature, a very traditional background and remedy that is familiar to many who see its famous purple/blue flowers. It can be stimulating as well as sedating and is often known as the 'first aid' oil as it is very versatile and blends well with the majority of essential oils. Used by the Romans to cleanse and bathe wounds, derived from the Latin word 'Lavare' which means 'to wash'.

    Lemon (Citrus Limonum)
    A fresh citrus and zingy fragrance, uplifting and refreshing. Oil is extracted from the peel by cold expression.  A small evergreen tree with pin & white perfume leaves, originally from India but  grown throughout Southern Europe and also Florida and California.  Widely used as an antiseptic, especially for insect bites and stings, aids circulation and blood flow and eases pressure on varicose veins.  A tonic for the heart can bring down high blood pressure.  Antiseptic properties ideal for sore throats and colds and herpes.  Cleanses skin lifts dull complexions, ideal for dull hair.  Caution with sensitive skin as may irritate.

    Lemongrass (Cymbopogon)
    A lemon, zesty strong fragrance sometimes rather sharp distilled from the grass, originally from India, grown in tropical places such as Sri Lanka & West Indies, the grass grows to about 3 ft in height.  The is extracted through steam distillation from the freshly cut grass and partially dried grass.  Used in India for many Century's, known as “Indian Vebena' or ‘Indian Melissa', can reduce fevers and infectious disease.  An uplifting oil, stimulating and energising, a good tonic for the body, stimulating glandular secretions, increases appetite, aids digestion.  Antiseptic helps sore throats, respiratory infections.  Stimulates circulation, relieves muscle aches & pains aids removal of lactic acid, has a toning effect on the skin, balances oily skin. Can help with fungal infections. Caution a strong oil, use in low dosage, can irritate skin.

    Melissa (Melissa Officinalis)
    A sweet  and lemon fragrance with a hint of floral.  Melissa is the Greek word for ‘Honey-bee' and the yellowish flowers this plant produces attracts bees.  This plant grows to about two feet tall with hairy wrinkled serrated leaves.  The stem is square like many in the mint family the green leaves are ovate, almost heart shaped with a lemon scent.  Steam distillation produces the oil from the flowering tops and leaves.  Due to the plants low yield it is often adulterated with other oils.  Also known as ‘Lemon Balm' and  introduced into Britain by the Romans.  A calming and uplifting effect on emotions, can be soothing and eases shock, panic and bereavement.  Can help circulation, a good tonic for the heart, can ease high blood-pressure.  May help painful menstruation and can be a tonic for the Uterus.  Can soothe insect stings, good insect repellant, can calm rapid breathing. Avoid in pregnancy as can help to regulate menstruation.  Can also irritate sensitive skin.

    Myrtle (Myrtus Communis)
    A fresh, sweet and strong fragrance.  Mrytle was found growing wild in North Africa, now found in the Mediterranean.  A small evergreen with blue/green leaves, white flowers and black berries.  The oil is steam distilled from the leaves and twigs.  Used in perfumes and spicy wines, the Romans often crowned their Olympian champions with Mrytle leaves.  Often found in wedding bouquets, was the ingredient of ‘angel water' as a skin tonic.  Can soothe feelings of anger and promotes sleep as it can have a sedative effect.  Can aid pulmonary and bronchial conditions and can keep infections at bay.  Can help with urinary infections and stomach upsets.  An antiseptic for the skin, can help with acne, blemishes and bruising, including Psoriasis. May irritate Mucous membranes if over-used.

    Commonly known as Orange Blossom, it is well known for helping those who have suffered trauma or stressful situations, it acts as an excellent emotional oil and has an affinity with citrus oils as well as most other essential oils. It is also known as a luxury oil that is often used in perfumery.

    Niaouli (Melaleuca Viridiflora)
    A slightly sweet and clear fragrance, Niaouli trees are found in Australia, large bushy trees that produce yellow flowers.  The oils is steam distilled from the plants leaves and twigs.  A good antiseptic/disinfectant oil that is renowned for also combatting Malaria. Often known by the French as ‘gemenol'.  Clears the mind a reviving and stimulating oil. Can improve circulation, increase white blood cells and antibody activity to help fight infection. Can aid chest/respiratory infections of all kinds, including serious conditions.  Can help to cleanse the intestines and urinary systems. Good for cleaning infectious wounds and healing on the skin with various conditions such as acne, boils, ulcers, burns etc..

    Orange Sweet (Citrus Sinensis)
    A refreshing citrus, sweet fragrance the oil is expressed from the nearly ripe peel of the fruit. The Orange tree was native to China & India and was brought to Europe in the 17th century, although it was thought to be known in England before this.  An evergreen tree which can grow to over 20ft the many benefits from the fruits of this tree are well known.  An uplifting and refreshing yet warming oil can lift the gloom and depression creating a positive outlook. Calming for the stomach and nerves can aid digestion of fat.  Helps absorption of Vitamin C and so can keep viral infections at bay, as well as colds and bronchitis, as well as keeping down temperature.  Can aid growth and repair of body tissues and can relieve muscle and bone pain. A good tonic for the skin.  May irritate sensitive skin, photosensitive so not to be used in direct sunlight. 

    Also known as a luxury essential oil and expensive because of the methods of extracting the oil. 2 main species '\Rosa Centifolia' & 'Rosa Damascena', although there are thousands of types of cultivated rose. Also known as a 'woman's oil' it is a great asset for skin care and complexions, also a wonderful hormonal balancer and balancing emotional states. It is synonymous with being the plant of love and happiness and can act as an aphrodisiac. Used also again in perfumery.

    Rosemary (Rosmarinus Officinalis)
    A sharp fresh green fragrance, originally from France, Spain and Portugal, this aromatic shrubby perennial bush has silver green leaves sky blue flowers, the oil is steam distilled from the flowers. A great oil for stimulating and clearing the mind, a reviving and refreshing oil.  Excellent for tired and tight muscles, great for massage, to relieve muscle aches and pains and stimulating the Lymphatic system.   A tonic for the hair especially to clear dandruff and said to encourage hair growth.  Burns well to prevent infection and aids mediation to help clear the mind.  Both purifying it can also be a great protector. Not to be used by those suffering with Epilepsy and not to be used throughout pregnancy.

    Ravensara (Ravensara Aromatica)
    Refreshing, green and sharp fragrance, almost menthol, similar to Rosemary.   A tall forest tree native to Madagascar.  A strong aromatic tree, the local people use all parts of the bark tree and fruits for flavourings and medicine.  Baume the French scientist distilled oil from the bark in the 18th century but Ravensara has only been used since 1980's.  The oil is now extracted from the leaves through a slow distillation process. A multi-action oil, it is more effective when used in a blend and is safe for anyone, including children to use.  It is excellent for it's anti-viral and immuno-stimulant properties and especially for stopping flu and it's symptoms.  Excellent to prevent chest infections, bronchitis also for skin such as Shingles, herpes.  Can ease muscular and joint pain and those who are tired and lethargic.

    Sage Clary (Slavia Sclarea)
    A sweet, woody and musky/nutty fragrance, a tall biennial and perennial herb, with big green and purple hairy leaves with small blue or white flowers, the oil is distilled from the flowers and leaves.  The plant is native to Sryia and France, also found in Russia, Morocco and England, prefers dryer soil, the damp will rot the roots.  Often known as ‘Clear Eye' in Mediaeval times for the herb could help with eye disorders.  A euphoric oil, deeply relaxing can be intoxicating, eases depression and anxiety.  Excellent for treating menstrual cramps, eases pain, it can have an oestrogenic action so can regulate menstruation and help with symptoms of the menopause.   Use in small quantities for meditation can cause powerful and colourful dreams.  Do not use throughout pregnancy and avoid use after drinking alcohol.

    Spearmint (Mentha Spicata)
    The Latin name means ‘Spiky Mint' and this hardy Perennial gets its name from the spear shaped bright green leaves, it can grow up to a metre in height and has pink or lilac flowers.  the oil is extracted through steam distillation from the flowering tops.  Originally from the Mediterranean it does not contain as much menthol as Peppermint.  The ancient Greeks used Spearmint in their bathwater and it was introduced to Britain by the Romans and used in the Medieval times for oral hygiene and added to drinking water to prevent contamination on long journeys.  Similar to Peppermint but much milder, so more suited for those with sensitive skin.  Has a cooling and effect on the skin, good to cleanse and decongest the skin through a steam facial, especially for those with acne.  An uplifting and stimulating oil, clears and strengthens the mind and can ease depression and negative feelings. Can soothe the stomach, aids digestion, can help with vomiting, nausea, cramps indigestion etc... Can also help with migraine, headaches.  Use in small amounts.

    Valerian Root (Valeriana Officinalis)
    Originally from China and the Latin word ‘Valerius',  this hardy perennial herb is grown in many gardens, with it's pink or white flowers blooming in June to September and small green leaves.  Found in Europe and Asia and used in Perfumery since the 16th Century and used by the Ancient Greeks and Romans.  Steam distillation of the roots, it is known for it's medicinal properties , the roots are used as a dietary supplement and often used in Chinese medicine as a love potion.  A calming and grounding oil, with sedative properties, can calm the nervous system, easing states of anxiety, depression, including emotional trauma.  Useful for skin complaints such as ulcers, eczema and sores. Can stimulate appetite and aid digestion, may help with painful periods, and spasms.  Do not use during pregnancy or use with other prescribed medicines or alcohol.

    Vetivert (Vetiveria Zizanoides)
    A non toxic oil originally form Java and known as the ‘oil of tranquility‘ it has a sweet and earthy fragrance and has long since been used as fixative in the perfume industry.   A tall perennial grass with fibrous aromatic roots, native to India and Indonesia, produced mainly in Java, it is extracted by steam distillation from the chopped roots of the grass.   Often used for thatching roofs and weaving mats, giving off it's beautiful fragrance and keeping away insects.  A deeply calming and grounding oil, that strengthens and nurtures the mind and body.  Can help with depression and anxiety related to stress, can help to balance the hormonal system.  Excellent for mature skin and acne as well as both dry and oily skin.  A safe non toxic oil.

    Violet (Viola Odorata)          
    A sweet fragrance with green earthy undertones, this beautiful little flower with it's heart shaped leaves and blue and violet flowers on long stalks, it prefers woodland and shady places and flowers between February to April.  Solvent distraction of the leaves produces a thick green substance that needs warming at room temperature.  Used by the Celts and Anglo Saxons, Marie Antoinette claimed it was her favourite fragrance and is now used in many high quality perfumes.  It has a calming effect, can combat insomnia and help with anxiety and feelings of anger. Good Liver decongestant and can stimulate the kidneys, may help to clear congestion from the body.  Can aid respiratory tract, easing breathing and can ease coughs.  A strong antiseptic, can heal wounds, reduce swelling and inflammation.    

    Yarrow (Achillea Millefolium)
    A slightly sweet and spicy fragrance, found growing along country lanes in hedgerows bushes.  Grows to about three feet tall and has feather fern like leaves on a single stem with pink and white flowers, also known as Milfoil.  The Oil is a blue colour as through the steam distillation process from the leaves and flowering tops, Chamazulene is produced, providing the beautiful blue colour.  Known by soldiers as Wound Wort for it's healing properties, used during battle.  It's antiseptic properties make it ideal for healing wounds, burns, rashes and skin conditions, eczema , Psoriasis.  An astringent so good for balancing oily skin, ideal for hair & scalp, promotes hair growth.  Eases the nerves and tension, strengthens the mind.  Avoid during pregnancy, caution with sensitive skin.

    Ylang Ylang (Canaga Odorata)
    An evergreen tree or Vine from South East Asia that produces yellow and white flowers with a strong scent, steam distillation is the extraction method and is interrupted at 4 stages to produce different grades of the oil.  A sweet, floral fragrance with woody undertones.  A balancing effect on the mind, can help to ease feelings of anger, tension and anxiety and relieve depression.  Can help with breathing conditions, high blood pressure, nervous tension and sexual problems. Has a stimulating effect on the skin and especially good for combination skin and other various skin conditions.  Thought to encourage hair growth and balance sebum. Not to be used in high concentration as may cause headaches and may irritate sensitive skin.


    Also see:
    List of Essential Oils

    Useful Links
    Info   Recipes
    Fragrance Wheel (Interactive)
    Fragrances of the World
    The Fragrance Foundation Directory
    List of Essential Oils
    List of Hazardous Essential Oils
    100% pure essential oils
    Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Essential oils
    Wikibooks has a book on the topic of: Complete Guide to Essential Oils

    National Association for Holistic Aromatherapy (NAHA)
    Alliance of International Aromatherapists
    International Federation of Aromatherapists
    Canadian Federation of Aromatherapists
    How To Do Things

    The World of Smell: An Inside Tour of the World's Largest Perfume Lab


    Some perfume recipes for beginners


      Video Tutorial






    YouTube: How to make Perfume
    E-How Video Series: Making Perfume






    Safety   Cleaning
    Aroma Therapy and Essential Oils (PD®)
    Essential Oil Savety
    FAQ on the Aroma Therapy Safety
    FDA Poisonous Plants Database
    FDA Aromatherapy
    List of Hazardous Essential Oils

    Alchemy Works: Using Essential OilsStain Expert
    Personal Stains: Deodorant, Perfume and Perspiration




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